Besatzungen der ISS

ISS: Expedition 37

Crew ISS-37

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Cygnus Patch EVA Patch

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Besatzung, Start- und Landedaten

Nr.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Name:  Jurtschichin  Parmitano  Nyberg  Kotow  Rjazanski  Hopkins
Vorname:  Fjodor Nikolajewitsch  Luca Salvo  Karen Lujean  Oleg Walerijewitsch  Sergej Nikolajewitsch  Michael Scott
Position:  ISS-CDR  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieurin  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur
Raumschiff (Start):  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-10M  Sojus TMA-10M  Sojus TMA-10M
Startdatum:  28.05.2013  28.05.2013  28.05.2013  25.09.2013  25.09.2013  25.09.2013
Startzeit:  20:31 UTC  20:31 UTC  20:31 UTC  20:58 UTC  20:58 UTC  20:58 UTC
Raumschiff (Landung):  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-09M  Sojus TMA-10M  Sojus TMA-10M  Sojus TMA-10M
Landedatum:  11.11.2013  11.11.2013  11.11.2013  11.03.2014  11.03.2014  11.03.2014
Landezeit:  02:50 UTC  02:50 UTC  02:50 UTC  03:23 UTC  03:23 UTC  03:23 UTC
Flugdauer:  166d 06h 19m  166d 06h 19m  166d 06h 19m  166d 06h 25m  166d 06h 25m  166d 06h 25m
Erdorbits:  2581  2581  2581  2580  2580  2580

inoffizielle Ersatz-Besatzung

Nr.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Name:  Tjurin  Mastracchio  Wakata  Skworzow  Artjomjew  Swanson
Vorname:  Michail Wladislawowitsch  Richard Alan "Rick"  Koichi  Alexander Alexandrowitsch Jr.  Oleg Germanowitsch  Steven Ray "Swanny"
Position:  ISS-CDR  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur
Crew ISS-37 (Double) Crew ISS-37 (Double)

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Expeditionsverlauf

Start vom Kosmodrom Baikonur (Oleg Kotow, Sergej Rjazanski und Michael Hopkins mit Sojus TMA-10M). Fjodor Jurtschichin, Luca Parmitano und Karen Nyberg waren seit dem 29. Mai 2013 an Bord der Raumstation (Ankunft mit Sojus TMA-09M).

Am 29. September 2013 fingen die Astronauten und Kosmonauten an Bord der Internationalen Raumstation mit Hilfe des Greifarms das unbemannte Frachtraumschiff Cygnus ein. Das von Orbital Sciences gebaute Raumfahrzeug war am 18. September 2013 um 14:58:02.2 UTC mit 589 Kilogramm Fracht mit einer Antares-Rakete von Virginia aus gestartet worden.
Der Frachter sollte eigentlich schon einige Tage früher anlegen, hatte aber zunächst Navigationsprobleme. Nach einem Software-Update und einer Reihe von Tests wurde Cygnus nach der Ankunft der neuen Stammbesatzung zum Rendezvous freigegeben, so dass Luca Parmitano und Karen Nyberg den Frachter mit dem ISS-Greifarm einfangen und ihn an das Modul Harmony befestigen konnten.

Nach dreiwöchigem Aufenthalt an der Raumstation koppelten Luca Parmitano und Karen Nyberg am 22. Oktober 2013 den unbemannten Frachter Cygnus mit Hilfe des Canadarm2 wieder ab und entließen ihn wieder auf eine eigene Umlaufbahn. Nach Zündung der Bremstriebwerke verglühte der Frachter planmäßig über dem Südpazifik.

Mit einem Manöver in mehr als 400 Kilometern Höhe haben am 01. November 2013 drei Mitglieder der Internationalen Raumstation ISS Platz für Neuankömmlinge gemacht. Damit kann eine Sojus-Kapsel, die am 07. November 2013 drei Raumfahrer zur ISS bringt, nun den der Erde zugewandten Andockplatz nutzen. Das spart Zeit und Treibstoff, wie die US-Weltraumbehörde NASA mitteilte. Daher parkten der Russe Fjodor Jurtschichin, die US-Amerikanerin Karen Nyberg und der Italiener Luca Parmitano ihre Sojus TMA-09M an einer anderen Stelle des "Außenpostens der Menschheit". Das Manöver dauerte 21 Minuten.

Die einzige EVA während der Expedition 37 unternahmen Oleg Kotow und Sergej Rjazanski am 09. November 2013 (5h 50m). Die Kosmonauten trugen die olympische Fackel während sie die Internationale Raumstation verließen. Nach Fotoarbeiten, bereiteten sie auf dem Swesda-Modul eine Plattform für die Installation eines hochauflösenden Kamera-Systems im Dezember 2013 vor, setzten eine Fußhalterung um und deaktivierten ein Experimentepaket. Die Fackel war erst am 07. November 2013 zusammen mit Michail Tjurin, Richard Mastracchio und Koichi Wakata an Bord der Raumstation gelangt. Bereits am 11. November 2013 flog die olympische Fackel wieder zusammen mit Fjodor Jurtschichin, Luca Parmitano und Karen Nyberg zur Erde zurück.

Während ihres Aufenthaltes an Bord der ISS führten die Crews der Expeditionen 37 / 38 folgende wissenschaftlichen Experimente durch (vollständige Auflistung):
3DA1 Camcorder (Panasonic 3D Camera)
ACE-1 (Advanced Colloids Experiment-1)
AMO-TOCA (Autonomous Mission Operations TOCA Autonomous Operations Project)
AMS-02 (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02)
APEX-02-1 (Advanced Plant EXperiments 02-1)
ATOMIZATION (Detailed validation of the new atomization concept derived from drop tower experiments--Aimed at developing a turbulent atomization simulator)
Amine Swingbed (Amine Swingbed)
Aniso Tubule (Roles of cortical microtubules and microtubule-associated proteins in gravity-induced growth modification of plant stems)
Area PADLES (Area Passive Dosimeter for Life-Science Experiments in Space)
BCAT-3-4-CP (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point)
BCAT-4-Poly (Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion)
BCAT-5-3D-Melt (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt)
BCAT-5-Compete (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Compete)
BCAT-5-PhaseSep (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation)
BCAT-5-Seeded Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Seeded Growth)
BCAT-6-Colloidal Disks (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Colloidal Disks)
BCAT-6-PS-DNA (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Polystyrene - Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
BCAT-6-Phase Separation (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Phase Separation)
BCAT-6-Seeded Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Seeded Growth)
BCAT-C1 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - C1)
BP Reg (A Simple In-flight Method to Test the Risk of Fainting on Return to Earth After Long-Duration Space Flights)
Biochemical Profile (NASA Biochemical Profile Project)
Biological Rhythms 48hrs (The effect of long-term microgravity exposure on cardiac autonomic function by analyzing 48-hours electrocardiogram)
Biotube-MICRO (Biotube-Magnetophoretically Induced Curvature in Roots) Bisphosphonates (Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss)
Body Measures (Quantification of In-Flight Physical Changes - Anthropometry and Neutral Body Posture)
CARTILAGE (CARTILAGE)
CCF (Capillary Channel Flow)
CEO (Crew Earth Observations)
CFE-2 (Capillary Flow Experiment - 2)
CPCG-HM (Commercial Protein Crystal Growth - High density protein crystal growth Modified)
Cardio Ox (Defining the Relation Between Biomarkers of Oxidative and Inflammatory Stress and Atherosclerosis Risk in Astronauts During and After Long-duration Spaceflight)
Circadian Rhythms (Circadian Rhythms)
Comm Delay Assessment (Assessing the Impact of Communication Delay on Behavioral Health and Performance: An Examination of Autonomous Operations Utilizing the International Space Station)
DECLIC DSI-R (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert-Reflight)
DECLIC HTI-R (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert-Reflight)
DOD SPHERES-RINGS (Department of Defense Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-RINGS)
DOSIS-3D (Dose Distribution Inside the International Space Station - 3D)
DTN (Disruption Tolerant Networking for Space Operations)
Dynamic Surf (Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid)
EPO-Demos (Education Payload Operation - Demonstrations)
ESA-EPO-PARMITANO (European Space Agency-Education Payload Operations-PARMITANO)
Energy (Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight)
ExHam (Astrobiology Exposure and Micrometeoroid Capture Experiments)
FASES (Fundamental and Applied Studies of Emulsion Stability)
FASTER (Facility for Absorption and Surface Tension) FLEX-2 (Flame Extinguishment Experiment - 2)
Functional Task Test (Physiological Factors Contributing to Postflight Changes in Functional Performance)
Gravi-2 (Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing - 2)
HDEV (High Definition Earth Viewing)
HREP-HICO (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean)
HREP-RAIDS (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS))
HiMassSEE (Spacecraft Single Event Environments at High Shielding Mass)
Hip QCT (Feasibility Study: QCT Modality for Risk Surveillance of Bone - Effects of In-flight Countermeasures on Sub-regions of the Hip Bone)
Hyperspectral Imaging (Hyperspectral Imaging)
ICE-GA (Italian Combustion Experiment for Green Air)
ISERV (ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System)
ISS Ham Radio (International Space Station Ham Radio)
ISS High Efficiency Particle Filter Analysis (International Space Station High Efficiency Particle Filter Analysis)
ISS Medical Monitoring (International Space Station Medical Monitoring)
InSPACE-3 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 3)
Intervertebral Disc Damage (Risk of Intervertebral Disc Damage after Prolonged Space Flight)
JAXA PCG (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Protein Crystal Growth)
JAXA-Commercial (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency - Commercial Payload Program)
Journals (Behavioral Issues Associated with isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of Astronaut Journals)
MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image)
MCE (Multi-mission Consolidated Equipment)
MICAST-2 (The Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions-2)
MISSE-8 (Materials International Space Station Experiment - 8)
Manual Control (Assessment of Operator Proficiency Following Long-Duration Space Flight)
Micro-5 (Investigation of host-pathogen interactions, conserved cellular responses, and countermeasure efficacy during spaceflight using the human surrogate model Caenorhabditis elegans)
Microbe-A1 (On-board Microorganism Monitoring in Spacecrafts)
Microbiome (Study of the Impact of Long-Term Space Travel on the Astronauts' Microbiome)
Multi-Gas Monitor (Multi-Gas Monitor)
OPALS (Optical PAyload for Lasercomm Science)
Ocular Health (Prospective Observational Study of Ocular Health in ISS Crews)
Pro K (Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery)
RRM (Robotic Refueling Mission)
RRM-P2 (Robotic Refueling Mission Phase 2 )
Radi-N2 (Radi-N2 Neutron Field Study)
Radiation Environment Monitor (Radiation Environment Monitor)
Reaction Self Test (Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station)
Repository (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository)
Resist Tubule (Mechanisms of Gravity Resistance in Plants From Signal Transformation and Transduction to Response)
Reversible Figures (Perspective Reversible Figures in Microgravity)
Robonaut (Robonaut)
SATS-Interact (Supervision of Autonomous and Teleoperated Satellites - Interact)
SCAN Testbed (Space Communications and Navigation Testbed)
SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload)
SMILES (Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder)
SNFM (Serial Network Flow Monitor)
SPHERES-Slosh (SPHERES-Slosh)
SPHERES-Zero-Robotics (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Zero-Robotics)
STP-H4-ATT (Space Test Program-Houston 4-Active Thermal Tile)
STP-H4-FireStation (Space Test Program-Houston 4-FireStation)
STP-H4-GLADIS (Space Test Program - Houston 4 - Global Awareness Data-Exfiltration International Satellite)
STP-H4-ISE 2.0 (Space Test Program-Houston 4-ISS SpaceCube Experiment 2.0)
Salivary Markers (The Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Microgravity on Salivary Markers of Innate Immunity)
Sally Ride EarthKAM (Sally Ride Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students)
Sarcolab (Myotendinous and Neuromuscular Adaptation to Long-termSpaceflight)
Seedling Growth-1 (Seedling Growth-1)
Skin-B (Skin-B)
Solar-SOLACES (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus - SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers)
Solar-SOLSPEC (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements)
Space Headaches (Space Headaches)
Space Pup (Effect of space environment on mammalian reproduction)
SpaceDRUMS (Space Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System)
Spinal Ultrasound (Sonographic Astronaut Vertebral Examination)
Sprint (Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Training Study)
T-Cell Act in Aging (T-Cell Activation in Aging)
TEM (Transport Environment Monitor Packages)
UBNT (Ultrasonic Background Noise Test)
V-C REFLEX (Plastic alteration of vestibulo-cardiovascular reflex and its countermeasure)
VIABLE ISS (eValuatIon And monitoring of microBiofiLms insidE International Space Station)
Vascular (Cardiovascular Health Consequences of Long-Duration Space Flight)
Vessel ID System (Vessel ID System)
Windows on Earth (Windows on Earth).

Aufbau der ISS

ISS ab 10. September 2013 ISS ab 25. September 2013
ISS ab 28. September 2013 ISS ab 22. Oktober 2013
ISS ab 28. Oktober 2013 ISS ab 01. November 2013

Fotos

Ankunft Sojus TMA-10M Cygnus
Leben an Bord traditionelles Bordfoto ISS-37
EVA Kotow traditionelles Bordfoto ISS-37
Chicago bei Nacht Italien bei Nacht
Französisch Polynesien Erdbeobachtung
Leben an Bord EVA Kotow und Rjazanski (mit olympische Fackel)

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Letztes Update am 17. April 2014.