Besatzungen der ISS

ISS: Expedition 30

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Besatzung, Start- und Landedaten

Nr.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Name:  Burbank  Iwanischin  Schkaplerow  Kononenko  Pettit  Kuipers
Vorname:  Daniel Christopher  Anatoli Alexejewitsch  Anton Nikolajewitsch  Oleg Dmitrijewitsch  Donald Roy  André
Position:  ISS-CDR  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur
Raumschiff (Start):  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-03M  Sojus TMA-03M  Sojus TMA-03M
Startdatum:  14.11.2011  14.11.2011  14.11.2011  21.12.2011  21.12.2011  21.12.2011
Startzeit:  04:14 UTC  04:14 UTC  04:14 UTC  13:16 UTC  13:16 UTC  13:16 UTC
Raumschiff (Landung):  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-22  Sojus TMA-03M  Sojus TMA-03M  Sojus TMA-03M
Landedatum:  27.04.2012  27.04.2012  27.04.2012  01.07.2012  01.07.2012  01.07.2012
Landezeit:  11:45 UTC  11:45 UTC  11:45 UTC  08:14 UTC  08:14 UTC  08:14 UTC
Flugdauer:  165d 07h 31m  165d 07h 31m  165d 07h 31m  192d 18h 58m  192d 18h 58m  192d 18h 58m
Erdorbits:  2580  2580  2580  3007  3007  3007

inoffizielle Ersatz-Besatzung

Nr.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Name:  Acaba  Padalka  Rewin  Malentschenko  Williams  Hoshide
Vorname:  Joseph Michael  Gennadi Iwanowitsch  Sergej Nikolajewitsch  Juri Iwanowitsch  Sunita Lyn "Suni"  Akihiko
Position:  ISS-CDR  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieur  Bordingenieurin  Bordingenieur

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Expeditionsverlauf

Start vom Kosmodrom Baikonur (Oleg Kononenko, Donald Pettit und André Kuipers mit Sojus TMA-03M). Anton Schkaplerow, Anatoli Iwanischin und Daniel Burbank waren seit dem 16. November 2011 an Bord der Raumstation (Ankunft mit Sojus TMA-22).

Der unbemannte russische Frachter Progress M-14M legte am 28. Januar 2012 um 00:09 UTC an der Internationalen Raumstation an. Er war am 25. Januar 2012 um 23:06 UTC vom Kosmodrom Baikonur gestartet. Das Transport-Raumschiff brachte Treibstoff, Sauerstoff, Wasser, Lebensmittel und persönliche Gegenstände zur Stammbesatzung. Am 19. April 2012 um 11:04 UTC koppelte Progress M-14M wieder ab und wurde dann noch einige Tage im Rahmen des Experiments Radar-Progress verwendet. Der Frachter wurde kontrolliert zum Absturz gebracht und verglühte am 28. April 2012 über dem Pazifischen Ozean.

Die einzige EVA während dieser Expedition erfolgte durch Oleg Kononenko und Anton Schkaplerow am 16. Februar 2012 (6h 15m). Es wurden folgende Arbeiten durchgeführt: Umsetzung des Krans Strela 1 von Docking Compartment (DC1) zum MRM2 mit Hilfe von Strela 2, Abwurf MLI (Multi-Layer Insulation), Installation des Strela 1 am MRM2 (zur Erleichterung künftiger EVAs), Befestigung des Strela 2 am DC1, Installation des Winosliwost Materialxperimentes am DC1, Abnahme einer Probe vor der MLI Isolation zur Überprüfung auf Anzeichen organischen Lebens und Einholung einer (von zwei geplanten) Proben vom "Test"-Experiment.

Die sechsköpfige Mannschaft der Internationalen Raumstation ISS hat am 24. März 2012 vor heranfliegendem russischen Weltraumschrott vorübergehend Schutz in zwei angedockten Sojus-Kapseln suchen müssen. Wie die russische Raumfahrtbehörde mitteilte, flog ein Teil eines alten Satelliten in 23 Kilometern Entfernung an der ISS vorbei. Im Notfall hätten die sechs derzeit an Bord der Internationalen Raumstation lebenden Männer - drei Russen, zwei US-Astronauten und ein Niederländer - in den Sojus-Kapseln auf die Erde zurückkehren können. Das herumfliegende Trümmerteil stammte vom Satelliten Kosmos 2251, den Russland 1993 ins All geschickt hatte und der 2009 mit dem US-Satelliten Iridium-33 kollidierte. Nach Angaben der US-Raumfahrtbehörde NASA kehrten die sechs Männer danach wieder in die ISS zurück. Nach NASA-Angaben war es der dritte derartige Vorgang seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt. Zuletzt war die Internationale Raumstation im Juni vergangenen Jahres evakuiert worden. Auch damals waren Trümmerteile zu spät entdeckt worden, um mit der Raumstation ein Ausweichmanöver starten zu können. Damals flog der Weltraumschrott in nur 250 Metern Entfernung an der Station vorbei.

Am 28. März 2012 um 22:31 UTC erreichte das europäische Transportmodul ATV-3 "Edoardo Amaldi" die Internationale Raumstation. Edoardo Amaldi war am 23. März 2012 um 04:34 UTC vom europäischen Weltraumbahnhof in Französisch Guyana mit einer Ariane-Rakete gestartet worden. Der Transporter brachte Treibstoff, Sauerstoff, Wasser und sonstige Ausrüstungs- und Versorgungsgegenstände zur Internationalen Raumstation. Die Triebwerke von ATV wurden auch genutzt, um die Umlaufbahn der ISS anzuheben. Am 28. September 2012 um 21:44 UTC koppelte Edoardo Amaldi wieder ab. Der mit Abfall gefüllte Transporter wurde am 04. Oktober 2012 über den Pazifik kontrolliert zum Absturz gebracht.

Der unbemannte russische Frachter Progress M-15M legte am 22. April 2012 um 14:39 UTC an der Internationalen Raumstation an. Er war am 20. April 2012 um 12:50:24 UTC vom Kosmodrom Baikonur gestartet. Das Transport-Raumschiff brachte Treibstoffe, Verpflegungs- und Ausrüstungsgegenstände einschließlich Ersatzteile für das Lebenserhaltungssystem zur Stammbesatzung. Am 22. Juli 2012 koppelte Progress M-15M wieder ab, um die neue Kurs-NA-Antenne zu testen. Eine erneute Kopplung mit dem neuen System scheiterte zunächst. Erst bei einem zweiten Versuch am 29. Juli 2012 gelang das Manöver. Der Frachter wurde nach der endgültigen Trennung am 30. Juli 2012 um 21:16 UTC zunächst einige Tage im Rahmen des Experiments Radar-Progress verwendet und dann kontrolliert zum Absturz gebracht und verglühte über dem Pazifischen Ozean.

Während ihres Aufenthaltes an Bord der ISS führten die Crews der Expeditionen 29 / 30 folgende wissenschaftlichen Experimente durch (vollständige Auflistung):
2D-NanoTemplate (Production of Two Dimensional NanoTemplate in Microgravity) ,
3DA1 Camcorder (Panasonic 3D Camera) ,
ALTEA-Dosi (Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry),
ALTEA-GAP (Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System-GAP),
ALTEA-Shield (Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield),
AMS-02 (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02),
Actiwatch Spectrum (Actiwatch Spectrum System),
Alloy Semiconductor (Crystal Growth of Alloy Semiconductor Under Microgravity),
Amine Swingbed (Amine Swingbed),
Aquatic Habitat (Aquatic Habitat),
Area PADLES (Passive Dosimeter for Lifescience Experiment in Space),
AuroraMAX (Coordinated Aurora Photography from Earth and Space (AuroraMAX)),
BASS (Burning and Suppression of Solids),
BCAT-3-4-CP (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point),
BCAT-4-Poly (Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion),
BCAT-5-3D-Melt (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt),
BCAT-5-PhaseSep (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation),
BCAT-5-Seeded Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Seeded Growth),
BCAT-6-Colloidal Disks (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Colloidal Disks),
BCAT-6-PS-DNA (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Polystyrene - Deoxyribonucleic Acid),
BCAT-6-Phase_Separation (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Phase Separation),
BCAT-6-Seeded Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Seeded Growth),
BioLab (Biological Experiment Laboratory),
Biological Rhythms (The Effect of Long-term Microgravity Exposure on Cardiac Autonomic Function by Analyzing 24-hours Electrocardiogram),
Bisphosphonates (Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss),
CCF (Capillary Channel Flow),
CEO (Crew Earth Observations),
CEVIS (Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation and Stabilization System),
CFE-2 (Capillary Flow Experiment - 2),
CIR (Combustion Integrated Rack - Fluids and Combustion Facility),
COLBERT (Combined Operational Load Bearing External Resistance Treadmill),
CSI-05 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus Science Insert - 05: Spiders, Fruit Flies and Directional Plant Growth),
Card (Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment),
CsPINs (Dynamism of Auxin Efflux Facilitators, CsPINs, Responsible for Gravity-regulated Growth and Development in Cucumber),
DECLIC-ALI (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Alice Like Insert),
DECLIC-DSI (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Directional Solidification Insert),
DECLIC-HTI (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - High Temperature Insert),
DOD-SPHERES-CSAC (Department of Defense Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Chip Scale Atomic Clock),
DTN (Disruption Tolerant Networking for Space Operations),
Dynamic Surf (Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid),
EDOS (Early Detection of Osteoporosis in Space),
EDR (European Drawer Rack),
EKE (Assessment of Endurance Capacity by Gas Exchange and Heart Rate Kinetics During Physical Training),
EMCS (European Modular Cultivation System),
EPM (European Physiology Module),
EPO-Demos (Education Payload Operation - Demonstrations),
ERB-2 (Erasmus Recording Binocular - 2),
ESA-EPO (European Space Agency - Education Payload Operations),
ESA Nodding Mechanism (ESA Nodding Mechanism),
EXPRESS Racks (EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments for Space Station Racks),
EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students),
FIR (Fluids Integrated Rack - Fluids and Combustion Facility),
FLEX (Flame Extinguishment Experiment),
FLEX-2 (Flame Extinguishment Experiment - 2),
FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory),
Functional Task Test (Physiological Factors Contributing to Changes in Postflight Functional Performance),
GLACIER (General Laboratory Active Cryogenic ISS Experiment Refrigerator),
Geoflow-2 (Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity - 2),
HET-Smartphone (Human Exploration Telerobotics Smartphone),
HREP-HICO (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean),
HREP-RAIDS (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS)),
HRF-1 (Human Research Facility - 1),
HRF-2 (Human Research Facility - 2),
Hair (Biomedical Analyses of Human Hair Exposed to a Long-term Space Flight),
Hicari (Growth of Homogeneous SiGe Crystals in Microgravity by the TLZ Method),
ISERV (ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System),
ISSAC (International Space Station Agricultural Camera),
ISS Ham Radio (International Space Station Ham Radio),
Ice Crystal 2 (Crystal growth mechanisms associated with the macromolecules adsorbed at a growing interface - Microgravity effect for self-oscillatory growth - 2),
Immuno (Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS),
InSPACE-3 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 3),
Integrated Cardiovascular (Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias),
Integrated Immune (Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function),
JAXA-Commercial (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency - Commercial Payload Program),
JAXA EPO 7 (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Education Payload Observation 7),
JAXA EPO 8 (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Education Payload Observation 8),
JAXA PCG (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Protein Crystal Growth),
Journals (Behavioral Issues Associated with isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of Astronaut Journals),
Kubik (Kubik),
LEGO Bricks (LEGO® Bricks, formerly known as NLO-Education-2),
MAMS (Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System),
MARES (Muscle Atrophy Research and Exercise System),
MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image),
MCE (Multi-mission Consolidated Equipment),
MELFI (Minus Eighty-Degree Laboratory Freezer for ISS),
MERLIN (Microgravity Experiment Research Locker Incubator),
MFMG (Miscible Fluids in Microgravity),
MISSE-8 (Materials International Space Station Experiment - 8),
MSG (Microgravity Science Glovebox),
MSL-CETSOL and MICAST (Materials Science Laboratory - Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions),
MSRR-1 (Materials Science Research Rack-1),
Marangoni-Exp (Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection-Exp),
Myco-3 (Mycological Evaluation of Crew Exposure to ISS Ambient Air - 3),
NanoRacks-CubeLabs Platforms (NanoRacks-CubeLabs Platforms),
NanoRacks-E-Book (NanoRacks-Electronic-Book),
NanoRacks-FCA-Concrete Mixing (NanoRacks-Faith Christian Academy-Concrete Mixing Experiment),
NanoRacks-FCHS-Robot (NanoRacks-Fremont Christian High School-Mini-Robot),
NanoRacks-Fischer-18S-rRNA (NanoRacks-Fischer Institute of Air and Space-Footsteps of Creation and Origin of Life),
NanoRacks-Fischer-Bone (NanoRacks-Fischer Institute of Air and Space-Bone Study),
NanoRacks-Fischer-Early Development (NanoRacks-Fischer Institute of Air and Space-Early Development),
NanoRacks-Fischer-Milk (NanoRacks-Fischer Institute of Air and Space-Probiotic Milk),
NanoRacks-NanoKit-1 (NanoRacks-DreamUP!-Crystal Microplates-NanoKit-1),
NanoRacks-Smartphone-2 (NanoRacks-Smartphone-2),
NanoRacks-Terpene (NanoRacks-Terpene Extraction in Microgravity),
NanoRacks-VCHS-B. Sphaericus (NanoRacks-Valley Christian High School- Bacillus Sphaericus Bacteria Growth),
NanoRacks-VCHS-Electromagnetic Ferrofluid (NanoRacks-Valley Christian High School-Electromagnetic Effects on Ferrofluid),
NanoRacks-VCHS-Electroplating (NanoRacks-Valley Christian High School-Electroplating),
NanoRacks-VCHS-Plant Growth (NanoRacks-Valley Christian High School-Plant Growth),
NanoRacks-VCHS-To Be Selected (NanoRacks-Valley Christian High School-To Be Selected Experiment),
NanoRacks-WCHS-E. Coli and Kanamycin (NanoRacks-Whittier Christian High School-E.Coli Bacteria and Kanamycin Antibiotic),
NanoRacks Plate Reader (NanoRacks Plate Reader),
Nano Step (In-situ Observation of Growth Mechanisms of Protein Crystals and Their Perfection Under Microgravity),
Neurospat (Effect of Gravitational Context on EEG Dynamics: A Study of Spatial Cognition, Novelty Processing and Sensorimotor Integration),
Nutrition (Nutritional Status Assessment),
Onboard Diagnostic Kit (Evaluation of Onboard Diagnostic Kit),
PACE-2 (Preliminary Advanced Colloids Experiment - 2: 3D Particle Test),
Particle Flux (Particle Flux Demonstrator),
Passages (Scaling Body-Related Actions in the Absence of Gravity),
Photosynth (PhotosynthTM Three-Dimensional Modeling of ISS Interior and Exterior),
Pro K (Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery,
REBR (ReEntry Breakup Recorder),
ROALD-2 (ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression-2),
RRM (Robotic Refueling Mission),
Reaction Self Test (Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station),
Repository (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository),
Robonaut (Robonaut),
Ryutai (Ryutai Experiment Rack),
SAMS-II (Space Acceleration Measurement System-II),
SATS-Interact (Supervision of Autonomous and Teleoperated Satellites - Interact),
SCAN Testbed (Space Communications and Navigation Testbed),
SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload),
SLICE (Structure and Liftoff In Combustion Experiment),
SMILES (Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder),
SNFM (Serial Network Flow Monitor),
SODI-Colloid-2 (SODI-Colloid-2),
SODI-DSC (Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Diffusion and Soret Coefficient),
SOLO (SOdium LOading in Microgravity),
SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites),
SPHERES-Zero-Robotics (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Zero-Robotics),
SS-HDTV (Super-Sensitive High Definition TV),
STP-H3-Canary (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Canary),
STP-H3-DISC (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Digital Imaging Star Camera),
STP-H3-MHTEX (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Massive Heat Transfer Experiment),
STP-H3-VADER (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Variable emissivity radiator Aerogel insulation blanket Dual zone thermal control Experiment suite for Responsive space),
Saibo (Saibo Experiment Rack),
Solar-SOLACES (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus - SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers),
Solar-SOLSPEC (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements),
SpaceDRUMS (Space Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System),
Space Headaches (Space Headaches),
Spin (Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight),
Sprint (Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Training Study),
TEM (Transport Environment Monitor Packages),
Thermolab (Thermoregulation in Humans During Long-Term Spaceflight),
Tomatosphere-III (Tomatosphere-III),
Treadmill Kinematics (Biomechanical Analysis of Treadmill Exercise on the International Space Station),
UMS (Urine Monitoring System),
Ultrasound 2 (Human Research Facility Ultrasound on the International Space Station 2),
VIABLE ISS (eValuatIon And monitoring of microBiofiLms insidE International Space Station),
VO2max (Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions),
Vascular (Cardiovascular Health Consequences of Long-Duration Space Flight),
Vessel ID System (Vessel ID System),
Vessel Imaging (Vascular Echography),
WORF (Window Observational Research Facility),
You Tube Space Lab (You Tube Space Lab).

Aufbau der ISS

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Letztes Update am 05. Juli 2014.