Resident Crews of Salyut 7

Salyut 7
Expedition 5

Crew, launch- and landing data

No.: 1 2 3
Nation:
Surname:  Vasyutin  Savinykh  Volkov
Given names:  Vladimir Vladimirovich  Viktor Petrovich  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer  Research Cosmonaut
Spacecraft (Launch):  Soyuz T-14  Soyuz T-13  Soyuz T-14
Launch date:  17.09.1985  06.06.1985  17.09.1985
Launchtime:  12:38 UTC  06:39 UTC  12:38 UTC
Spacecraft (Landing):  Soyuz T-14  Soyuz T-14  Soyuz T-14
Landingdate:  21.11.1985  21.11.1985  21.11.1985
Landingtime:  10:31 UTC  10:31 UTC  10:31 UTC
Mission duration:  64d 21h 52m  168d 03h 51m  64d 21h 52m
Orbits:  1027  2661  1027

Backup Crew

No.: 1 2 3
Nation:
Surname:  Viktorenko  Aleksandrov  Saley
Given names:  Aleksandr Stepanovich  Aleksandr Pavlovich  Yevgeni Vladimirovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer  Research Cosmonaut

Expedition Report

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 180 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following a two day solo flight Soyuz T-14 docked with Salyut 7 on September 18, 1985. Main goal was a partly exchange of the current resident crew (Vladimir Dzhanibekov). Soyuz T-14 transported Commander Vladimir Vasyutin, Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko and Research Cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov to the Salyut 7 orbital station.

After Georgi Grechko had inspected the repairs and condition of the station, he and Vladimir Dzhanibekov, from Soyuz T-13, returned to earth aboard Soyuz T-13 on September 26, 1985.

The crew received Kosmos 1686 on October 02, 1985. This was a modified TKS spacecraft with the military 'star wars' tracking experiments mounted in a stripped-down VA capsule. The crew was to conduct these experiments, and conduct spacewalks with application to future space stations. Kosmos 1686 contained 4,500 kg (9,900 lb) of freight, including large items like a girder to be assembled outside Salyut 7, and the Kristallizator materials processing apparatus. All landing systems were removed from the VA re-entry capsule and replaced with military optical sensor experiments (infrared telescope and Ozon spectrometer). It burned up in the atmosphere and together with the Salyut 7 station over Argentina on February 07, 1991 at 04:00 UTC. It re-entered with unused 3 m diameter recoverable capsule of 2-3,000 kg mass, solid rocket motors, and cesium sensors.

Photography of Earth surface, observation of mechanical and electronical behavior of enlarged spacestation (Kosmos 1686) was done. The crew conducted military experiments with the Kosmos-1686 module.

A premature return to Earth was needed because of a seriously illness of Vladimir Vasyutin. He was suffering from a very bad urinary tract infection and had a high fever as well. It took nearly six weeks of antibiotics once back on the ground before he was better. Other sources said that the mission was cut short due to an incapacitating psychological condition developed by Vladimir Vasyutin.

Experiments and tests for the planned space station MIR and EVAs were not accomplished.

Photos / Drawings

Salyut 7 with Soyuz T-14
Salyut 7 with Soyuz T-14  

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Last update on April 28, 2014.