Resident Crews of Salyut 4

Salyut 4
Expedition 1

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alternate crew photo

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

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Crew, launch- and landing data

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Gubarev  Grechko
Given names:  Aleksei Aleksandrovich  Georgi Mikhailovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer
Spacecraft (Launch):  Soyuz 17  Soyuz 17
Launch date:  10.01.1975  10.01.1975
Launchtime:  21:43 UTC  21:43 UTC
Spacecraft (Landing):  Soyuz 17  Soyuz 17
Landingdate:  09.02.1975  09.02.1975
Landingtime:  11:03 UTC  11:03 UTC
Mission duration:  29d 13h 19m  29d 13h 19m
Orbits:  466  466

1st Backup Crew

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Lazarev  Makarov
Given names:  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Oleg Grigoriyevich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer

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2nd Backup Crew

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Klimuk  Sevastiyanov
Given names:  Pyotr Iliyich  Vitali Ivanovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer

Expedition Report

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 110 km northeast of Tselinograd.

Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 17 docked with the space station Salyut 4 on January 12, 1975.
Salyut 4 (DOS 4) was a Salyut space station launched on December 26, 1974 into an orbit with an apogee of 355 km, a perigee of 343 km and an orbital inclination of 51.6 degrees. It was essentially a copy of the DOS 3, and unlike its ill-fated sibling it was a complete success.

Salyut 4 was in an unusually high circular orbit of 350 km (220 mi) when Soyuz 17 docked with the station. Salyut designer Konstantin Feoktistov said this was to ensure propellant consumption would be half of what was needed for lower-altitude Salyuts.

The crew transferred into space station and stayed there 29 days. The crew worked between 15 and 20 hours a day, including their 2 ½ hour exercise period. One of their activities included testing communication equipment for tracking ships and contacting mission control via a Molniya satellite.

Several astronomical experiments were performed. The crew discovered that the main mirror of the solar telescope had been ruined by direct exposure to sunlight when the pointing system failed. They resurfaced the mirror and worked out a way of pointing the telescope using a stethoscope, stopwatch, and the noises the moving mirror made in its casing.

On January 14, 1975, a ventilation hose was set up from Salyut 4 to keep the Soyuz ventilated while its systems were shut down. On January 19, 1975 it was announced that ion sensors were being used to orient the station, a system described as being more efficient.

A new teleprinter was used for communications from the ground crew, freeing the Salyut crew from constant interruptions during their work.

The cosmonauts began powering down the station on February 07, 1975 and they returned to Earth in the Soyuz capsule two days later. The landing occurred in a snowstorm with winds of 72 km/h.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training

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Last update on March 08, 2014.