Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 52

Soyuz 17

Zenit

USSR

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  10.01.1975
Launch time:  21:43 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  185 - 249 km
Inclination:  51,63°
Docking Salyut 4:  12.01.1975, 01:25 UTC
Undocking Salyut 4:  09.02.1975, 06:08 UTC
Landing date:  09.02.1975
Landing time:  11:03 UTC
Landing site:  110 km NE of Tselinograd

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Gubarev  Aleksei Aleksandrovich  Commander 1 29d 13h 19m  466 
2  Grechko  Georgi Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer 1 29d 13h 19m  466 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Gubarev
2  Grechko
Landing
1  Gubarev
2  Grechko

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

1st Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Lazarev  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Commander
2  Makarov  Oleg Grigoriyevich  Flight Engineer

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2nd Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Job
1  Klimuk  Pyotr Iliyich  Commander
2  Sevastiyanov  Vitali Ivanovich  Flight Engineer

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 110 km northeast of Tselinograd.

Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 17 docked with the space station Salyut 4 on January 12, 1975.
Salyut 4 (DOS 4) was a Salyut space station launched on December 26, 1974 into an orbit with an apogee of 355 km, a perigee of 343 km and an orbital inclination of 51.6 degrees. It was essentially a copy of the DOS 3, and unlike its ill-fated sibling it was a complete success.

Salyut 4 was in an unusually high circular orbit of 350 km (220 mi) when Soyuz 17 docked with the station. Salyut designer Konstantin Feoktistov said this was to ensure propellant consumption would be half of what was needed for lower-altitude Salyuts.

The crew transferred into the space station and stayed 29 days there. The crew worked between 15 and 20 hours a day, including their 21/2 hour exercise period. One of their activities included testing communication equipment for tracking ships and contacting mission control via a Molniya satellite.

Several astronomical experiments were performed. The crew discovered that the main mirror of the solar telescope had been ruined by direct exposure to sunlight when the pointing system failed. They resurfaced the mirror and worked out a way of pointing the telescope using a stethoscope, stopwatch, and the noises the moving mirror made in its casing.

On January 14, 1975, a ventilation hose was set up from Salyut 4 to keep the Soyuz ventilated while its systems were shut down. On January 19, 1975 it was announced that ion sensors were being used to orient the station, a system described as being more efficient.

A new teleprinter was used for communications from the ground crew, freeing the Salyut crew from constant interruptions during their work.

The cosmonauts began powering down the station on February 07, 1975 and they returned to Earth in the Soyuz capsule two days later. The landing occurred in a snowstorm with winds of 72 km/h.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training

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Last update on March 08, 2014.