Resident Crews of Salyut 3

Salyut 3
Expedition 1

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

 

alternate crew photo

 

Crew, launch- and landing data

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Popovich  Artyukhin
Given names:  Pavel Romanovich  Yuri Petrovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer
Spacecraft (Launch):  Soyuz 14  Soyuz 14
Launch date:  03.07.1974  03.07.1974
Launchtime:  18:51 UTC  18:51 UTC
Spacecraft (Landing):  Soyuz 14  Soyuz 14
Landingdate:  19.07.1974  19.07.1974
Landingtime:  12:21 UTC  12:21 UTC
Mission duration:  15d 17h 30m  15d 17h 30m
Orbits:  252  252

1st Backup Crew

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Sarafanov  Dyomin
Given names:  Gennadi Vasiliyevich  Lev Stepanovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer

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2nd Backup Crew

No.: 1 2
Nation:
Surname:  Volynov  Zholobov
Given names:  Boris Valentinovich  Vitali Mikhailovich
Position:  Commander  Flight Engineer

Expedition Report

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 140 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 14 docked with the space station Salyut 3 on July 04, 1974. The crew transferred into the space station and stayed there 14 days.

Presumable military activities (observation of rocket bases) and some medical and biological experiments were done. The cosmonauts exercised for 2 hours each day to counter the effects of weightlessness. At the time, the military nature of this mission and the station itself were not acknowledged by Soviet authorities.

Increased solar activity raised safety issues, but it was decided radiation levels were within safe limits, so the flight continued.

Experiments were described by the Soviets, but analysts presumed that much time was taken up with unreported military activities. Claims were made in the aerospace press that objects were laid out at the Baikonur Cosmodrome to photograph to test a high-resolution camera system on board. Some of the experiments the Soviets described included studies of the heart and circulatory systems in orbit, studies of intracranial pressure, monitoring of blood composition, measuring of lung capacity and inhalation/exhalation rates and the testing of a water purification system which condensed moisture from the station's atmosphere

All objectives were successfully completed. The capsule landed within 2 km of the aim point.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training
life onboard

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Last update on June 25, 2014.