Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 49

Soyuz 14



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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  03.07.1974
Launch time:  18:51 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  195,9 - 242,7 km
Inclination:  51,62°
Docking Salyut 3:  04.07.1974, 21:00 UTC
Undocking Salyut 3:  19.07.1974, 09:03 UTC
Landing date:  19.07.1974
Landing time:  12:21 UTC
Landing site:  140 km SE of Dzheskasgan

walkout photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Popovich  Pavel Romanovich  Commander 2 15d 17h 30m  252 
2  Artyukhin  Yuri Petrovich  Flight Engineer 1 15d 17h 30m  252 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Popovich
2  Artyukhin
1  Popovich
2  Artyukhin

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of

1st Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Sarafanov  Gennadi Vasiliyevich  Commander
2  Dyomin  Lev Stepanovich  Flight Engineer

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2nd Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Volynov  Boris Valentinovich  Commander
2  Zholobov  Vitali Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 140 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 14 docked with the space station Salyut 3 on July 04, 1974. The crew transferred into the space station and stayed there 14 days.

Presumable military activities (observation of rocket bases) and some medical and biological experiments were performed. The cosmonauts exercised for two hours each day to counter the effects of weightlessness. At the time, the military nature of this mission and the station itself were not acknowledged by Soviet authorities.

Increased solar activity raised safety issues, but it was decided radiation levels were within safe limits, so the flight continued.

Experiments were described by the Soviets, but analysts presumed that much time was taken up with unreported military activities. Claims were made in the aerospace press that objects were laid out at the Baikonur Cosmodrome to photograph to test a high-resolution camera system on board. Some of the experiments the Soviets described included studies of the heart and circulatory systems in orbit, studies of intracranial pressure, monitoring of blood composition, measuring of lung capacity and inhalation/exhalation rates and the testing of a water purification system which condensed moisture from the station's atmosphere.

All objectives were successfully completed. The capsule landed within 2 km of the aim point.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training
crew in training
life onboard  


Last update on June 25, 2014.