Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
405 km west of Arkalyk.
In the spring of 2001, a taxi mission to the
space station was being scheduled to take place on October 2002. At first the
crew was to be
. However, a report released on February 2002 stated that American
was interested in joining the crew for a one-week mission on board the Russian
spacecraft. The mission began to fall through, and by September 2002 they had
discontinued the training of Lance
due to the mission organizers' failure to meet the terms of the contract. They
filled the vacant seat left by Lance
with Russian cosmonaut Yuri
Soyuz TMA-1 became the fourth taxi
. Following a two day solo flight Soyuz TMA-1
on November 01, 2002 and common scientific work
with expedition 5
worked as part of the
' escape craft (Soyuz TM-34
) was replaced; Soyuz TMA-1 served as a new
While the Soyuz TMA-1 was on orbit, the February 2003
Columbia shuttle accident
required a change in crew changeout process. The Soyuz system would now be the
sole method for crew to launch to and return from
, until the space shuttle was returned to service
in July 2005.
Soyuz TMA-1 disembarked from
on May 04, 2003 and immediately began its return
to Earth, marking the first entry and descent for this Soyuz class. A technical
malfunction caused the Soyuz control system to abandon the gentler controlled
entry and descent and instead fall back to the harsher ballistic reentry
and descent. This resulted in a steep and off target landing of the spacecraft.
The craft landed 300 miles short of the planned area, and the crew was
subjected to severe gravitational loads. Communication with the Soyuz was lost
because one antenna was ripped off during descent, and two more did not deploy.
The crew regained communications through an emergency transmitter after
landing. Due to this event, future crews would be provided with a satellite
phone at their disposal to establish contact with recovery
Subsequent Soyuz TMA missions were able to successfully execute
controlled reentries, until the Soyuz
and Soyuz TMA-11
missions which both also reverted to ballistic descents.