MIR: Expedition 1
|Given names:||Leonid Denisovich||Vladimir Alekseyevich|
|Spacecraft (Launch):||Soyuz T-15||Soyuz T-15|
|Launchtime:||12:33 UTC||12:33 UTC|
|Spacecraft (Landing):||Soyuz T-15||Soyuz T-15|
|Landingtime:||13:34 UTC||13:34 UTC|
|Mission duration:||125d 00h 00m||125d 00h 00m|
|Given names:||Aleksandr Stepanovich||Aleksandr Pavlovich|
Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 55 km northeast of Arkalyk.
Following a two day solo flight Soyuz T-15 docked with the new space station MIR on March 15, 1986. Plans for MIR intended that only the newer Soyuz TM would dock with MIR's forward port, leaving the aft port free for arriving Progress spacecraft. However, the older Soyuz T actually used for the first Soyuz T-15 mission to MIR was not equipped with the Kurs approach system used on MIR's front port, but only with the older Igla approach system used for MIR's aft port. Therefore Soyuz T-15 had to approach MIR's aft port, and then manually maneuver around the station to dock manually at the forward port. At 20 km Soyuz T-15's Igla system acquired its counterpart on MIR's aft port. At 200 meters, the Igla system was shut off, and the crew manually maneuvered around the station to dock at the front port. For this manual approach, the same laser range finder was used as for the Soyuz T-13 docking with the uncooperative Salyut 7 station in 1985. The cosmonauts became the first resident crew of MIR.
The Progress 25 resupply ship was docked to MIR from March 21, 1986 - April 20, 1986. Meanwhile the first tests of the Soviet data and voice relay system, the Altair/SR system, were conducted on March 29, 1986 using MIR's large aft antenna and the geosynchronous Cosmos 1700 satellite. Rezonans tests. The MIR-1 crew conducted Rezonans tests of the Soyuz T-15-MIR base block-Progress 25 complex on March 31, 1996. The MIR-1 crew subjected the MIR base block-Soyuz T-15 assemblage to further Rezonans tests after the departure of Progress 25. They also for the first time placed MIR in gravity gradient stabilisation mode, with its long axis pointed toward the center of the Earth, and tested the station's atmosphere.
Progress 26 was docked to the station from April 26, 1986 - June 22, 1986. The freighter rendezvoused with MIR on April 25, 1986, but problem with MIR's radio communication system delayed docking until the next day. It docked with MIR on April 26, 1986 21:26:06 UTC and undocked on June 22, 1986 18:25:00 UTC.
In preparation for the trip to Salyut 7, the crew loaded Soyuz T-15 with their personal belongings, plants grown on MIR, and other items. At that time Salyut 7 was still 4000 km ahead of MIR in a lower orbit. Therefore on May 04, 1986 MIR was lowered by 13 km in order to speed the approach to Salyut 7 and conserve Soyuz T-15's limited fuel supply for the transfer. On March 05, 1986, they undocked from MIR for a day long journey to the Salyut 7 space station and stayed there for 50 days as Soyuz T-15's limited fuel supply for the transfer. On March 05, 1986, they undocked from MIR for a day long journey to the Salyut 7 space station and stayed there for 50 days as sixth resident crew.
While Soyuz T-15 was away, Soyuz TM-1 docked to MIR from May 23, 1986 - May 29, 1986. Just as Soyuz-T represented a Soyuz upgrade for Salyut 7, Soyuz-TM represented an upgrade for MIR. Soyuz TM-1 arrived unmanned at the unoccupied station and remained for 9 days. The Progress 26 freighter was automatically commanded to depart the station on June 22, 1986. MIR maneuvered twice June 24, 1986 and June 25, 1996, raising its orbit slightly and moving closer to Salyut 7.
After done work the crew returned to the MIR spacestation on June 26, 1986 in a 29-hour journey. It was the first transfer from one space station to an other space station in space history.
When back on MIR Leonid Kizim and Vladimir Soloviyov installed there some systems taken from Salyut and they performed some scientific experiments. One of these experiments was GEOEX 8, in which some areas of the German Democratic Republic were explored by an airplane, a satellite and from space. This was useful for agriculture, geology and environmental protection.
Before returning back to Earth the crew put the MIR into an automatic working modus.
Last update on November 14, 2013.