Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC
landing in Cape Canaveral (KSC
Challenger carried out the first crew of
seven astronauts and it was the first Shuttle mission to include two woman.
became the first American woman to walk in
On Flight Day 1 the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS
) was deployed from the payload bay by the
arm, and its on-board thrusters boosted it into an orbit 350 miles (563 km)
above the Earth.
was the first of three planned satellites
designed to measure the amount of energy received from the sun and reradiated
into space. It also studied the seasonal movement of energy from the tropics to
the polar regions.
Components of Orbital Refueling System (ORS) were
connected in an
on October 11, 1984 (3h 30m), demonstrating that it
is possible to refuel satellites in orbit.
Scientific observations of
the Earth with the Office of Space and Terrestrial Apllications-3
-3 pallet and Large Format Camera (LFC) were
performed as experiments in physics and biology. Other Payloads were:
flying for third time; package of Canadian Experiments (CANEX
Auroral Photography Experiment (APE); Radiation Monitoring Equipment (RME);
Thermoluminiscent Dosimeter (TLD); and eight Get Away Specials. Film from the
mission (including Kathryn
appeared in the IMAX
movie The Dream is Alive.
, the first Canadian in Space, conducted experiments
sponsored by the Canadian government, called
which were related to medical, atmospheric, climatic, materials and robotic