Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 131

Soyuz TM-10

Vulkan

USSR

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  01.08.1990
Launch time:  09:32 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  350 km
Inclination:  51,6°
Docking MIR:  03.08.1990, 11:45:44 UTC
Undocking MIR:  10.12.1990, 02:48:11 UTC
Landing date:  10.12.1990
Landing time:  06:08 UTC
Landing site:  69 km NE of Arkalyk

walkout photo

hi res version (608 KB)

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Manakov  Gennadi Mikhailovich  Commander 1 130d 20h 35m  2070 
2  Strekalov  Gennadi Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer 4 130d 20h 35m  2070 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Manakov
2  Strekalov
3  
Landing
1  Manakov
2  Strekalov
3  Akiyama

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Afanasiyev  Viktor Mikhailovich  Commander
2  Manarov  Musa Khiromanovich  Flight Engineer

alternate crew photo

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 69 km northeast of Arkalyk.

Following a two day solo flight Soyuz TM-10 docked with the MIR space station on August 03, 1990. The cosmonauts became the seventh resident crew of MIR space station. The new crew arrived at MIR's aft port with four passengers - quail for cages in Kvant2. A quail laid an egg en route to the station. It was returned to Earth, along with 130 kg of experiment results and industrial products.

The crew then set to work and linked Kristall's attitude control system to the MIR complex on August 28, 1990. On August 30, 1990 they practiced dealing with emergency situations which might arise in the expanded MIR complex. Between August 22, 1990 and September 11, 1990, Progress M-4 boosted the complex to a mean altitude of 390 km. Gennadi Strekalov and Gennadi Manakov installed a device for producing plasma on Progress M-4's docking unit before casting off the spacecraft on September 17, 1990. For three days it flew formation with the station, releasing plasma for the crew to observe and record.

Progress M-5 arrived at the station on September 29, 1990. It carried television equipment for the upcoming joint Soviet-Japanese mission. It was also the first Progress-M equipped with a Raduga return capsule. On October 01, 1990 Soyuz TM-10's main engine pushed MIR to a mean altitude of 397 km. The KAP-350 and Priroda 5 cameras were used as part of the Makhichevan-90 Earth resources observation program, which studied the region between the Black and Caspian seas. Progress M-5 undocked on November 28, 1990 06:15:46 UTC. After deorbit burn, capsule separated for reentry with an expected landing in Kazakhstan at November 28, 1990 11:04:05 UTC. However the recoverable capsule's beacon signal was never received after reentry. All experimental data and materials in the capsule were lost.

Scientific work (astrophysical, geophysical, Earth observation, space materials science, biological and biotechnological research and experiments) was performed in the Soyuz TM-10-Kvant-MIR-Kvant2-Kristall complex. But they also had to do maintenance and repairing work.

The only EVA in this mission was performed on October 29, 1990 (3h 45m). Gennadi Manakov and Gennadi Strekalov removed thermal insulation. They found that the hatch was beyond their ability to repair. They attached a device to the hatch to allow it to close properly.

Soyuz TM-11 arrived at the station on December 04, 1990 with the MIR-8 relief crew of Viktor Afanasiyev, Musa Manarov (on his second MIR visit), and Japanese television journalist Toyohiro Akiyama. Toyohiro Akiyama's network, the Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS), paid for the flight. The Soviets called this their first commercial spaceflight and claimed to have earned $14 million. The journalist was scheduled to make one 10-min TV broadcast and two 20-min radio broadcasts each day. Electrical power and video and TV system incompatibilities forced the Japanese to make extensive use of converters. His equipment, which weighed about 170 kg, was delivered by Progress-M spacecraft and set up in advance by Gennadi Manakov and Gennadi Strekalov. On December 05, 1990 Toyohiro Akiyama's couch was transferred to Soyuz TM-10. On December 08, 1990 Gennadi Manakov and Gennadi Strekalov commenced loading Soyuz TM-10's descent module with film and experiment results. TBS broadcast the landing of the MIR-7 crew together with Toyohiro Akiyama live from Kazakhstan.

Drawings / Photos

crew in training
 

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Last update on November 15, 2013.