Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
155 km northwest of Karaganda.
The main goals of this mission in the
official version were to test spacecraft systems and designs, manoeuvring of
space craft with respect to each other in orbit, and to conduct scientific,
technical and medico-biological experiments in a group flight.
performed a group flight with Soyuz 6
and Soyuz 8
. There was no docking, only
approaching (until 500 m to Soyuz 8
The planned docking maneuver with Soyuz
was not accomplished (failure of rendezvous electronics). It is still not
known exactly what the actual problem was, but it is often quoted as being a
helium pressurization integrity test. The version of Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft
used for the missions carried a torus shaped docking electronics equipment
housing surrounding the motor assembly on the back of the service module. This
is thought to have been pressurized with helium to provide a benign environment
for the electronics. It was then jettisoned after docking to lower the mass of
the spacecraft for reentry. What went wrong with the electronics on all three
spacecraft is still not known.
The landing was without any problems,
even a warning light panel showed 'ASP' - automatic landing