Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 65

Soyuz 30



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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  27.06.1978
Launch time:  15:27 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  195 - 244 km
Inclination:  51,64°
Docking Salyut 6:  28.06.1978, 17:07:50 UTC
Undocking Salyut 6:  05.07.1978, 10:15:40 UTC
Landing date:  05.07.1978
Landing time:  13:30 UTC
Landing site:  300 km W of Tselinograd

walkout photo

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Klimuk  Pyotr Iliyich  Commander 3 7d 22h 02m  125 
2  Hermaszewski  Miroslaw "Mirek"  Research Cosmonaut 1 7d 22h 02m  125 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Klimuk
2  Hermaszewski
1  Klimuk
2  Hermaszewski

Animations: Soyuz

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Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Kubasov  Valeri Nikolayevich  Commander
2  Jankowski  Zenon "Zden"  Research Cosmonaut


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 300 km west of Tselinograd.

Soyuz 30 was the second Interkosmos mission. Miroslaw Hermaszewski became the first cosmonaut from Poland. Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 30 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on June 28, 1978 and the crew performed common work with the second resident crew.

Experiments on the field of materials science were performed. Photography of the Earth surface and study of the aurora borealis were done together with the second resident crew. The activities of the Soyuz 30 crew, however, were severely curtailed so as not to interfere with the Soyuz 29 crew. On the Soyuz 29 crew's rest day, the international crew had to stay in their Soyuz to perform their experiments.

Nevertheless, Miroslaw Hermaszewski conducted many experiments. One was crystallization experiments which produced 47 grams of cadmium tellurium mercury semiconductors for use by infra-red detectors on board the station. The yield was far greater - 50% compared to 15% - than ground-based experiments. Miroslaw Hermaszewski participated in medical experiments which measured lung capacity and the heart during exercise and in a pressure suit. One experiment, which all four on board the station participated in, was Smak, a taste experiment which sought answers to why some food was less palatable in weightlessness.

The Soyuz 30 crew was trained, as all international crews, in the use of the MKF-6M camera. Training in part took place on a Tu-134 flying at 10 km to best mimic conditions on the station. Miroslaw Hermaszewski photographed Poland in co-ordination with aircraft taking close-up photos, but bad weather over Poland limited the photo sessions. They additionally filmed the Aurora Borealis.

The Soyuz 30 crew packed their experiments into their capsule and returned to earth July 05, 1978.

Photos / Drawings


Last update on November 23, 2013.