Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
300 km west of Tselinograd.
Soyuz 30 was the second Interkosmos
became the first cosmonaut from Poland.
Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 30 docked with the Salyut 6 space station
on June 28, 1978 and the crew performed common work with the
Experiments on the field of materials science were performed.
Photography of the Earth surface and study of the aurora borealis were done
together with the second resident crew
. The activities of the Soyuz 30 crew,
however, were severely curtailed so as not to interfere with the
crew. On the
crew's rest day, the
international crew had to stay in their Soyuz to perform their experiments.
conducted many experiments. One was
crystallization experiments which produced 47 grams of cadmium tellurium
mercury semiconductors for use by infra-red detectors on board the station. The
yield was far greater - 50% compared to 15% - than ground-based experiments.
participated in medical experiments which
measured lung capacity and the heart during exercise and in a pressure suit.
One experiment, which all four on board the station participated in, was Smak,
a taste experiment which sought answers to why some food was less palatable in
The Soyuz 30 crew was trained, as all international
crews, in the use of the
-6M camera. Training in part took place on a Tu-134
flying at 10 km to best mimic conditions on the station. Miroslaw
photographed Poland in co-ordination with
aircraft taking close-up photos, but bad weather over Poland limited the photo
sessions. They additionally filmed the Aurora Borealis.
The Soyuz 30
crew packed their experiments into their capsule and returned to earth July 05,