Resident Crews of the International Space Station (ISS)

ISS: Expedition 31

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Crew, launch- and landing data

No.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Surname:  Kononenko  Pettit  Kuipers  Padalka  Revin  Acaba
Given names:  Oleg Dmitriyevich  Donald Roy  André  Gennadi Ivanovich  Sergei Nikolayevich  Joseph Michael
Position:  ISS-CDR  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer
Spacecraft (Launch):  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-04M  Soyuz TMA-04M  Soyuz TMA-04M
Launch date:  21.12.2011  21.12.2011  21.12.2011  15.05.2012  15.05.2012  15.05.2012
Launchtime:  13:16 UTC  13:16 UTC  13:16 UTC  03:01 UTC  03:01 UTC  03:01 UTC
Spacecraft (Landing):  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-03M  Soyuz TMA-04M  Soyuz TMA-04M  Soyuz TMA-04M
Landingdate:  01.07.2012  01.07.2012  01.07.2012  17.09.2012  17.09.2012  17.09.2012
Landingtime:  08:14 UTC  08:14 UTC  08:14 UTC  02:53 UTC  02:53 UTC  02:53 UTC
Mission duration:  192d 18h 58m  192d 18h 58m  192d 18h 58m  124d 23h 52m  124d 23h 52m  124d 23h 52m
Orbits:  3007  3007  3007  1946  1946  1946

unofficial Backup Crew

No.: 1 2 3 4 5 6
Nation:
Surname:  Malenchenko  Williams  Hoshide  Novitsky  Tarelkin  Ford
Given names:  Yuri Ivanovich  Sunita Lyn "Suni"  Akihiko  Oleg Viktorovich  Yevgeni Igorevich  Kevin Anthony
Position:  ISS-CDR  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer  Flight Engineer

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Expedition Report

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome (Gennadi Padalka, Sergei Revin and Joseph Acaba with Soyuz TMA-04M). Oleg Kononenko, Donald Pettit and André Kuipers were onboard since December 23, 2011 (arrival with Soyuz TMA-03M).

On May 22, 2012 occurred the launch of the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS). The launch of the Falcon 9 rocket carried an unmanned Dragon capsule. During the flight, SpaceX's Dragon capsule conducted a series of check-out procedures to test and proved its systems, including the capability to rendezvous and berth with the International Space Station. The primary objectives for the flight included a flyby of the space station at a distance of approximately 1.5 miles to validate the operation of sensors and flight systems necessary for a safe rendezvous and approach.
Following the rendezvous on May 25, 2012 Dragon was captured and berthed to the station's Harmony node.
The pressurized section carried 525 kg (1,157 lb) of cargo to the ISS, which included food, water, clothing, cargo bags, computer hardware, the NanoRacks Module 9 (student experiments and scientific gear) and other miscellaneous cargo. No unpressurized cargo was delivered on this mission. An unannounced addition to the cargo manifest, made public after the launch, was a small canister, affixed to the second stage's top, containing the 1-gram ash remains of over 300 people including Project Mercury Astronaut Gordon Cooper, and James Doohan, the actor who played Scotty on the television show Star Trek in the 1960s. The remains were flown semi-secretly by Celestis, a company that has flown burial canisters in the past on SpaceX's Falcon 1 launch vehicle.
Dragon stayed for almost six days during which the astronauts unloaded cargo, and then reloaded Dragon with Earth-bound cargo. On May 31, 2012, Dragon unberthed from the ISS, its capsule landed in the Pacific Ocean off the California coast and was recovered. All the objectives of the mission were successfully completed, and the Falcon 9-Dragon system became certified to start regular cargo delivery missions to the ISS under the Commercial Resupply Services program.
On its return to Earth, Dragon brought back 665 kg (1,466 lb) worth of pressurized cargo back to Earth, the cargo included experiment samples, experiment hardware, ISS' systems hardware and Extravehicular Mobility Unit hardware. One of the experiments returned by Dragon was the Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment (SHERE) administered by NASA's Glenn Research Center. SHERE investigated rotational stress effects on polymer fluids. Items from SHERE included a toolbox, fluid modules, stowage trays, cables and a keyboard, and science data recordings. Another experiment returning with Dragon was the Multi-user Droplet Combustion Apparatus (MDCA), and the Combustion Integrated Rack-Fluids and Combustion Facility (CIR). Another experiment returning at the end of this mission was the Material Science Research Rack (MSRR), which investigated microgravity experiments on aluminum-alloy rods. Returning from MSRR were cartridges from thermal and vacuum investigations done on metal rods in the SETA-2 and the MSL-CETSOL and MICAST studies.

During the stay on board of the ISS the crews of Expeditions 31 / 32 carried out the following scientific experiments:
3DA1 Camcorder (Panasonic 3D Camera)
ACE-1 (Advanced Colloids Experiment-1)
ALTEA-Dosi (Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' - Dosimetry)
ALTEA-Shield (Anomalous Long Term Effects in Astronauts' Central Nervous System - Shield)
AMS-02 (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer - 02)
Alloy Semiconductor (Crystal Growth of Alloy Semiconductor Under Microgravity)
Amine Swingbed (Amine Swingbed)
Area PADLES (Passive Dosimeter for Lifescience Experiment in Space)
BASS (Burning and Suppression of Solids)
BCAT-3-4-CP (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 3 and 4: Critical Point)
BCAT-4-Poly (Binodal Colloidal Aggregation Test - 4: Polydispersion)
BCAT-5-3D-Melt (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Three-Dimensional Melt)
BCAT-5-PhaseSep (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test-5: Phase Separation)
BCAT-5-Seeded_Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 5: Seeded Growth)
BCAT-6-Colloidal_Disks (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Colloidal Disks)
BCAT-6-PS-DNA (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Polystyrene - Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
BCAT-6-Phase_Separation (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6 - Phase Separation)
BCAT-6-Seeded_Growth (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - 6: Seeded Growth)
BCAT-C1 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test - C1)
Biological Rhythms 48hrs (The effect of long-term microgravity exposure on cardiac autonomic function by analyzing 48-hours electrocardiogram)
Bisphosphonates (Bisphosphonates as a Countermeasure to Space Flight Induced Bone Loss)
CEO (Crew Earth Observations)
CETSOL-2 (Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing-2)
CFE-2 (Capillary Flow Experiment - 2)
Card (Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment)
Circadian Rhythms (Circadian Rhythms)
DECLIC-ALI (DEvice for the study of Critical LIquids and Crystallization - Alice Like Insert)
DOD SPHERES-CSAC (Department of Defense Synchronized Position, Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Chip Scale Atomic Clock)
DOSIS-3D (Dose Distribution Inside the International Space Station - 3D)
DTN (Disruption Tolerant Networking for Space Operations)
Dynamic Surf (Experimental Assessment of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects in Transition to Oscillatory Thermo capillary Flow in Liquid Bridge of High Prandtl Number Fluid)
EKE (Assessment of Endurance Capacity by Gas Exchange and Heart Rate Kinetics During Physical Training)
ELITE-S2 (ELaboratore Immagini TElevisive - Space 2)
EPO-Demos (Education Payload Operation - Demonstrations)
ESA-EPO (European Space Agency - Education Payload Operations)
ESA NightPod (ESA NightPod)
EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students)
Energy (Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight)
FLEX (Flame Extinguishment Experiment)
FLEX-2 (Flame Extinguishment Experiment - 2)
Functional Task Test (Physiological Factors Contributing to Changes in Postflight Functional Performance)
HET-Smartphone (Human Exploration Telerobotics Smartphone)
HREP-HICO (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean)
HREP-RAIDS (HICO and RAIDS Experiment Payload - Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric Detection System (RAIDS))
Hair (Biomedical Analyses of Human Hair Exposed to a Long-term Space Flight)
HiMassSEE (Spacecraft Single Event Environments at High Shielding Mass)
Hicari (Growth of Homogeneous SiGe Crystals in Microgravity by the TLZ Method)
I-BALL (I-BALL)
I-STAR Comm Delay Preparation (ISS Testbed for Analog Research Communication Delay Preparation (I-STAR Comm Delay Preparation))
ISERV (ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System)
ISSAC (International Space Station Agricultural Camera)
ISS Ham Radio (International Space Station Ham Radio)
ISS High Efficiency Particle Filter Analysis (International Space Station High Efficiency Particle Filter Analysis)
Immuno (Neuroendocrine and Immune Responses in Humans During and After Long Term Stay at ISS)
InSPACE-3 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions - 3)
Integrated Cardiovascular (Cardiac Atrophy and Diastolic Dysfunction During and After Long Duration Spaceflight: Functional Consequences for Orthostatic Intolerance, Exercise Capability and Risk for Cardiac Arrhythmias)
Integrated Immune (Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function)
JAXA-Commercial (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency - Commercial Payload Program)
JAXA EPO 5 (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Education Payload Observation 5)
JAXA EPO 9 (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Education Payload Observation 9)
Journals (Behavioral Issues Associated with isolation and Confinement: Review and Analysis of Astronaut Journals)
LEGO Bricks (LEGO Bricks, formerly known as NLO-Education-2)
MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image)
MCE (Multi-mission Consolidated Equipment)
MFMG (Miscible Fluids in Microgravity)
MICAST-2 (The Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions-2)
MISSE-8 (Materials International Space Station Experiment - 8)
Marangoni-Exp (Chaos, Turbulence and its Transition Process in Marangoni Convection-Exp)
Marangoni-UVP (Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection)
Medaka Osteoclast (Medaka Osteoclast)
Micro-6 (Genotypic and Phenotypic Responses of Candida albicans to Spaceflight)
Microbe-III (Microbe-III)
NanoRacks-FPTU CubeSat-1 (NanoRacks-FPT University CubeSat-1)
NanoRacks-NCESSE-Mission-1 (NanoRacks-National Center for Earth and Space Science Education-Mission-1)
Nano Step (In-situ Observation of Growth Mechanisms of Protein Crystals and Their Perfection Under Microgravity)
Neurospat (Effect of Gravitational Context on EEG Dynamics: A Study of Spatial Cognition, Novelty Processing and Sensorimotor Integration)
Nutrition (Nutritional Status Assessment)
ODK2 (Evaluation of Onboard Diagnostic Kit 2)
Onboard Diagnostic Kit (Evaluation of Onboard Diagnostic Kit)
Photosynth (PhotosynthTM Three-Dimensional Modeling of ISS Interior and Exterior)
Pro K (Dietary Intake Can Predict and Protect Against Changes in Bone Metabolism during Spaceflight and Recovery)
REBR (ReEntry Breakup Recorder)
RRM (Robotic Refueling Mission)
Radiation Environment Monitor (Radiation Environment Monitor)
Reaction Self Test (Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the International Space Station)
Repository (National Aeronautics and Space Administration Biological Specimen Repository)
Resist Tubule (Mechanisms of Gravity Resistance in Plants From Signal Transformation and Transduction to Response)
Reversible Figures (Perspective Reversible Figures in Microgravity)
Robonaut (Robonaut)
SATS-Interact (Supervision of Autonomous and Teleoperated Satellites - Interact)
SCAN Testbed (Space Communications and Navigation Testbed)
SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquisition Equipment - Attached Payload)
SETA-2 (Solidification along a Eutectic path in Ternary Alloys-2)
SHERE-II (Shear History Extensional Rheology Experiment - II)
SMILES (Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder)
SNFM (Serial Network Flow Monitor)
SODI-DSC (Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument - Diffusion and Soret Coefficient)
SOLO (SOdium LOading in Microgravity)
SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites)
SPHERES-Zero-Robotics (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites-Zero-Robotics)
STP-H3-Canary (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Canary)
STP-H3-DISC (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Digital Imaging Star Camera)
STP-H3-MHTEX (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Massive Heat Transfer Experiment)
STP-H3-VADER (Space Test Program - Houston 3 - Variable emissivity radiator Aerogel insulation blanket Dual zone thermal control Experiment suite for Responsive space)
Small Sat Deploy-Demo (Small Sat Deploy Demo)
Solar-SOLACES (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus - SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers)
Solar-SOLSPEC (Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -Sun Monitoring on the External Payload Facility of Columbus -SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements)
SpaceDRUMS (Space Dynamically Responding Ultrasonic Matrix System)
Space Headaches (Space Headaches)
Spin (Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight)
Sprint (Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Training Study)
TecEdSat (TecEdSat)
Thermolab (Thermoregulation in Humans During Long-Term Spaceflight)
Tomatosphere-III (Tomatosphere-III)
Treadmill Kinematics (Biomechanical Analysis of Treadmill Exercise on the International Space Station)
UBNT (Ultrasonic Background Noise Test)
V-C REFLEX (Plastic alteration of vestibulo-cardiovascular reflex and its countermeasure)
VIABLE ISS (eValuatIon And monitoring of microBiofiLms insidE International Space Station)
VO2max (Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Uptake and Submaximal Estimates of VO2max Before, During, and After Long Duration International Space Station Missions)
Vascular (Cardiovascular Health Consequences of Long-Duration Space Flight)
Vessel ID System (Vessel ID System)
Vessel Imaging (Vascular Echography)
You Tube Space Lab (You Tube Space Lab)

ISS Assembly

Assembly animation (external link)

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Last update on July 05, 2014.