Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 11

Voskhod 1

Rubin

USSR

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  12.10.1964
Launch time:  07:30 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  177,5 - 408 km
Inclination:  64.90°
Landing date:  13.10.1964
Landing time:  07:47 UTC
Landing site:  54° 02' 00" N, 68° 08' 00" E

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Komarov  Vladimir Mikhailovich  Commander 1 1d 00h 17m  16 
2  Feoktistov  Konstantin Petrovich  Scientist Cosmonaut 1 1d 00h 17m  16 
3  Yegorov  Boris Borisovich  Doctor Cosmonaut 1 1d 00h 17m  16 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Komarov
2  Yegorov
3  Feoktistov
Landing
1  Komarov
2  Yegorov
3  Feoktistov

1st Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Volynov  Boris Valentinovich  Commander
2  Katys  Georgi Petrovich  Scientist Cosmonaut
3  Sorokin  Aleksei Vasiliyevich  Doctor Cosmonaut

2nd Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
3  Lazarev  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Doctor Cosmonaut

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Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 312 km northwest of Kustanay.

The three spacesuits for the Voskhod 1 cosmonauts were omitted; there was neither the room nor the payload capacity for the Voskhod to carry them. The original Voskhod had been designed to carry two cosmonauts, but Soviet politicians pushed the Soviet space program into squeezing three cosmonauts into Voskhod 1.

For the first time a spacecraft with three crewmembers was launched. The Voskhod spacecraft were basically Vostok spacecraft with a backup, solid-fuel retro-rocket added onto the top of the descent module. The ejection seat was removed and three crew couches were added to the interior at a 90-degree angle to that of the Vostok cosmonaut's position. There was no provision for escape for the crewmen in the event of a launch or landing emergency. A solid-fuel braking rocket was also added to the space capsule's parachute lines to provide for a softer landing at touchdown. This was necessary because, unlike the Vostok space capsule, no ejection seats were fitted in the Voskhod; the cosmonauts had to land inside the Voskhod descent module.

Although it was a short mission, the crew performed scientific physico-technical and medico-biological research. Around the flight were many (self-made) problems, for example the selection of the crew. It should be a multi-task crew, one real cosmonaut, one doctor and one engineer. Prime and backup crew were changed nearly every week. Premier Krushchev was withdrawn from his position during the flight. So there were many suggestions, if the mission originally should have lasted longer. But the only reason were cramped conditions of the crew during the flight, the withdrawn of Krushchev and supposed problems with spacesickness of Konstantin Feoktistov were not the reasons.

The spacecraft landed with its crew aboard. The crew left the capsule itself and waited for the rescue troops.

Photos

 

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Last update on October 12, 2014.