Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
312 km northwest of Kustanay.
The three spacesuits for the Voskhod 1
cosmonauts were omitted; there was neither the room nor the payload capacity
for the Voskhod to carry them. The original Voskhod had been designed to carry
two cosmonauts, but Soviet politicians pushed the Soviet space program into
squeezing three cosmonauts into Voskhod 1.
For the first time a
spacecraft with three crewmembers was launched. The Voskhod spacecraft were
basically Vostok spacecraft with a backup, solid-fuel retro-rocket added onto
the top of the descent module. The ejection seat was removed and three crew
couches were added to the interior at a 90-degree angle to that of the Vostok
cosmonaut's position. There was no provision for escape for the crewmen in the
event of a launch or landing emergency. A solid-fuel braking rocket was also
added to the space capsule's parachute lines to provide for a softer landing at
touchdown. This was necessary because, unlike the Vostok space capsule, no
ejection seats were fitted in the Voskhod; the cosmonauts had to land inside
the Voskhod descent module.
Although it was a short mission, the crew
performed scientific physico-technical and medico-biological research. Around
the flight were many (self-made) problems, for example the selection of the
crew. It should be a multi-task crew, one real cosmonaut, one doctor and one
engineer. Prime and backup crew were changed nearly every week. Premier
Krushchev was withdrawn from his position during the flight. So there were many
suggestions, if the mission originally should have lasted longer. But the only
reason were cramped conditions of the crew during the flight, the withdrawn of
Krushchev and supposed problems with spacesickness of Konstantin
were not the reasons.
landed with its crew aboard. The crew left the capsule itself and waited for
the rescue troops.