Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC
landing on Cape Canaveral (KSC
Spacelab-J - a joint
and National Space Development Agency of Japan
) mission using a manned Spacelab module -
conducted microgravity investigations in materials and life sciences. The
international crew, consisting of the first Japanese astronaut (Mamoru
) to fly aboard the Shuttle, the first African-American
) to fly in space and, contrary to normal
policy, the first married couple to fly on the
same space mission (Mark
), was divided into red and blue teams for around the
clock operations. Spacelab-J included 24 materials science and 20 life sciences
experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by
, 7 by
and 2 collaborative efforts.
science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic
materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals
and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments
on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and
human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test
subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp) and their
vestibularsystem, cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit
flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs.
Twelve Get Away
Special (GAS) canisters (10 with experiments, 2 with ballast) were carried in
the payload bay. Middeck experiments were: Israeli Space Agency Investigation
About Hornets (ISAIAH), Solid Surface Combustion Experiment (SSCE), Shuttle
Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX II), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS
), and Ultraviolet Plume Imager (UVPI).
ISAIAH experiments showed, that hornets were unable to built honeycombs in
The mission duration was extended for one day, to
complete all planned experiments.