Launch from Cape Canaveral (KSC
landing on Edwards AFB
. A launch attempt 2 days earlier was scrubbed
because of a timing problem in one of the Columbia's general purpose
STS-1 marked the first orbital test flight of the Space
Shuttle. The mail goal was to evaluate and verify of the Shuttle hardware and
software systems. The only payload carried on the mission was a Development
Flight Instrumentation (DFI) package which contained sensors and measuring
devices to record orbiter performance and the stresses that occurred during
launch, ascent, orbital flight, descent and landing.
became the first astronaut, who performed five missions.