Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 116

Soyuz TM-5

Soyuz TM-4


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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  07.06.1988
Launch time:  14:03 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  350 km
Inclination:  51,6°
Docking MIR:  09.06.1988, 15:57:10 UTC
Undocking MIR:  05.09.1988, 23:54:57 UTC
Landing date:  17.06.1988
Landing time:  10:13 UTC
Landing site:  160 km SE of Dzheskaskan

walkout photo

hi res version (787 KB)

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Soloviyov  Anatoli Yakovlevich  Commander 1 9d 20h 10m  156 
2  Savinykh  Viktor Petrovich  Flight Engineer 3 9d 20h 10m  156 
3  Aleksandrov  Aleksandr Panayatov "Sasha"  Research Cosmonaut 1 9d 20h 10m  156 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Soloviyov
2  Savinykh
3  Aleksandrov
1  Lyakhov
2  Mohmand

Animations: Soyuz

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Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Lyakhov  Vladimir Afanasiyevich  Commander
2  Serebrov  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich  Flight Engineer
3  Stoyanov  Krasimir Mihailov  Research Cosmonaut

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 160 km southeast of Dzheskaskan. Aleksandr Aleksandrov became the second cosmonaut from Bulgaria.

Following a two day solo flight Soyuz TM-5 docked with the MIR-Kvant-Soyuz TM-4 complex to MIR's aft port on June 09, 1988. The crew conducted joint scientific work with the third resident crew.

Due to the Soyuz 33 failure, Bulgaria was the only East European Soviet ally not to have had a citizen visit a Soviet space station. Bulgarian Research Cosmonaut Aleksandr Aleksandrov used nearly 2,000 kg of equipment delivered by Progress freighters to conduct 46 experiments in the Shipka program during his stay.

46 scientific experiments were performed, including astrophysical and astronomical research using the Rozhen astronomical experiment, Earth observation (coast of the Black Sea region), materials sciences, medicine and biology. Photos and spectral analysis were taken from the Bulgarian territory, standard, when foreign cosmonauts are onboard the MIR. They also worked with the Kristallisator experiment.

On September 05, 1988 cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakhov and Abdul Mohmand undocked from MIR. They jettisoned the orbital module and made ready for deorbit burn to return to Earth. During descent, the spacecraft experienced a computer software problem combined with a sensor problem. This caused their landing to be delayed by a full day. The descent module, where they spent this 24 hour period, had no sanitary facilities. They would not have been able to redock with MIR because they had discarded the docking system along with the orbital module. Reentry occurred as normal on September 07, 1988. Following this incident, the Soviets decided that on future missions, they would retain the orbital module until after deorbit burn, as they had done on the Soyuz ferry flights

Photos / Drawings


Last update on March 31, 2013.