Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 87

Soyuz T-8

Okean

USSR

Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  20.04.1983
Launch time:  13:10 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  200 - 230 km
Inclination:  51,6°
Landing date:  22.04.1983
Landing time:  13:28 UTC
Landing site:  60 km NE of Arkalyk

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Titov  Vladimir Georgiyevich  Commander 1 2d 00h 17m  32 
2  Strekalov  Gennadi Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer 2 2d 00h 17m  32 
3  Serebrov  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich  Research Cosmonaut 2 2d 00h 17m  32 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Titov
2  Strekalov
3  Serebrov
Landing
1  Titov
2  Strekalov
3  Serebrov

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Lyakhov  Vladimir Afanasiyevich  Commander
2  Aleksandrov  Aleksandr Pavlovich  Flight Engineer
3  Savinykh  Viktor Petrovich  Research Cosmonaut

alternate crew photo

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 60 km northeast of Arkalyk.

The main goal of the mission was to repair the faulty Salyut 7 solar array.

Once in orbit the Soyuz rendezvous radar antenna boom failed to deploy properly. Several attitude control maneuvers at high rates were made but failed to swing the boom out. (The postflight inquiry later discovered that the antenna had been torn off when the Soyuz payload shroud separated.) The crew believed the boom remained attached to the spacecraft’s orbital module, and that it had not locked into place. Accordingly, they shook the spacecraft using its attitude thrusters in an effort to rock it forward so it could lock. With FCC permission, the crew attempted a rendezvous using only an optical sight and ground radar inputs for guidance. During the final approach, which was made in darkness, Vladimir Titov believed that the closing speed was too great. He therefore attempted a braking maneuver, but felt that the two spacecraft were still closing too fast. He aborted the rendezvous to avoid a crash, and no further attempts were made. The abortive docking attempts consumed much propellant. To ensure that enough would remain to permit deorbit, the cosmonauts shut down the attitude control system and put Soyuz T-8 into a spinstabilized mode of the type used by Soyuz Ferries in the early 1970s. A premature return to Earth was needed.

The landing then was without problems.

Photos

crew in training
 

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Last update on November 21, 2013.