Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 74

Soyuz T-3



Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  27.11.1980
Launch time:  14:18 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  255 - 260 km
Inclination:  51,62°
Docking Salyut 6:  28.11.1980, 15:54 UTC
Undocking Salyut 6:  10.12.1980, 06:10 UTC
Landing date:  10.12.1980
Landing time:  09:26 UTC
Landing site:  130 km E of Dzheskasgan

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Kizim  Leonid Denisovich  Commander 1 12d 19h 07m  204 
2  Makarov  Oleg Grigoriyevich  Flight Engineer 3 12d 19h 07m  204 
3  Strekalov  Gennadi Mikhailovich  Research Cosmonaut 1 12d 19h 07m  204 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Kizim
2  Makarov
3  Strekalov
1  Kizim
2  Makarov
3  Strekalov

Animations: Soyuz

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Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Lazarev  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Commander
2  Savinykh  Viktor Petrovich  Flight Engineer
3  Polyakov  Valeri Vladimirovich  Research Cosmonaut


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 130 km east of Dzheskasgan.

The Soyuz-T was a major upgrade over previous Soyuz spacecraft, sporting solid-state electronics for the first time and a much more advanced onboard computer to help overcome the chronic docking problems that affected cosmonauts during space station missions. In addition, solar panels returned, allowing the Soyuz-T to fly up to 11 days independently as well as a redesigned propulsion system. Finally, it could at last carry three cosmonauts with pressure suits.

Following a one day solo flight Soyuz T-3 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on November 28, 1980. Soyuz T-3 was the first Soviet mission with three cosmonauts on board since 1971. Part of their mission was to further test the Soyuz-T.

Main goals of the mission were overhauling and reactivating of the space station. Maintenance work on the station was also done. The crew conducted the Mikroklimat experiment to assess the station's living conditions, and began work on the thermal control system. They also installed a new hydraulic unit with four pumps, replaced electronics in the Salyut 6 telemetry system, repaired electrical system faults and replaced computer in the onboard control system.

During their brief stay on Salyut 6, they performed the usual experiments using the Splav and Kristall units, and studied “biological objects” they brought with them in Soyuz-T 3. They used the Svetoblok and Oazis units. Much of their time, however, was devoted to space station maintenance.

The crew had to work on scientific experiments including holografic record of photographies, experiments on the fields of Earth observation, medicine, materials science and biology, using a so called "greenhouse", which was the most interesting part for the media.

On December 8, 1980 Progress 11 carried out an orbit correction for the complex.

Photos / Drawings



Last update on November 24, 2013.