Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 37

Soyuz 9



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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  01.06.1970
Launch time:  19:00 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  31
Altitude:  208 - 220,6 km
Inclination:  51,72°
Landing date:  19.06.1970
Landing time:  11:59 UTC
Landing site:  75 km W of Karaganda

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo


No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Nikolayev  Andriyan Grigoriyevich  Commander 2 17d 16h 58m  286 
2  Sevastiyanov  Vitali Ivanovich  Flight Engineer 1 17d 16h 58m  286 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Nikolayev
2  Sevastiyanov
1  Nikolayev
2  Sevastiyanov

Animations: Soyuz

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1st Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Filipchenko  Anatoli Vasiliyevich  Commander
2  Grechko  Georgi Mikhailovich  Flight Engineer

2nd Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Lazarev  Vasili Grigoriyevich  Commander
2  Yazdovsky  Valeri Aleksandrovich  Flight Engineer


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 75 km west of Karaganda.

Soyuz 9 performed the first night launch in the aera of human spaceflights. The crew performed photographical and visual Earth observation, several astrophysical, physiological experiments and technical studies. One solar panel was not working well after a few days, but that was not a big problem. The capsule was set into a slow sun oriented rotation. Valentina Tereshkova and her daughter communicated via radio and television with husband and father Andriyan Nikolayev. On Flight day 10 the crew was off duty. On this day they played chess via radio with cosmonaut Viktor Gorbatko on Earth. Since flight day 12, the crew became more and more problems to do concentrate work, they became tired and made some small mistakes.

The landing proceeded normally, but both cosmonauts had big problems, to stand and to walk after landing. The cosmonauts' condition after landing was awful. It was painful and difficult for them to get up. They falled down in their first tortured attempts at walking. They had to be dragged along by the arms and they looked very ill. There was no knowledge about the effects of zero-G for humans and so there were no plans and equipment (for example chairs) for the ill crew, which was brought then to hospital. But all in all a new spaceflight duration record was performed. But it was the final record performed by a solo flying spaceship. Following records were set by spaceships, which travelled to orbital stations.



Last update on November 22, 2013.