Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing
225 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.
Soyuz 40 was the ninth Interkosmos
, the first cosmonaut from Romania
a one day solo flight Soyuz 40 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on May
15, 1981 as final spacecraft. During the next days the crew performed common
scientific work with the
Scientific research and experiments including exploration of
the Earth magnetic field was done. Earth observations had to be delayed until
the last day of this mission, when Salyut 6 at last passed over Romania in
daylight. During this time the crew also tested the station's orientation
Soyuz 40 was the last of the original Soyuz spacecraft (due to
its replacement by the Soyuz-T) and the last Soyuz spacecraft to dock with
Salyut 6. It also ended the first phase of the Intercosmos program.