Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 73

Soyuz 38

Taimyr

USSR

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  18.09.1980
Launch time:  19:11 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  195 - 257 km
Inclination:  51,61°
Docking Salyut 6:  19.09.1980, 20:49 UTC
Undocking Salyut 6:  26.09.1980, 12:35 UTC
Landing date:  26.09.1980
Landing time:  15:54 UTC
Landing site:  175 km SE of Dzheskasgan

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Romanenko  Yuri Viktorovich  Commander 2 7d 20h 43m  124 
2  Tamayo Méndez  Arnaldo "Guasso"  Research Cosmonaut 1 7d 20h 43m  124 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Romanenko
2  Tamayo Méndez
Landing
1  Romanenko
2  Tamayo Méndez

Animations: Soyuz

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with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Khrunov  Yevgeni Vasiliyevich  Commander
2  López Falcón  José Armando  Research Cosmonaut

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing 175 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

This spaceflight was the seventh Interkosmos mission (with Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first cosmonaut from Cuba). Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 38 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on September 19, 1980. The fourth resident crew recorded the ignition and operation of the transport's main engine. As the spacecraft approached Salyut 6, the resident crew could see only its “headlights”. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez of Cuba and Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko docked without incident.

Scientific work to find reasons of the space adaptation syndrome of the crew together with the fourth resident crew was done. Other goals were Earth observation, solar observation and plant growing experiments, crystal growing experiments.

The launch and landing occurred in darkness.

Photos / Drawings

crew in training crew in training
life onboard  

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Last update on July 02, 2014.