Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 72

Soyuz 37

Soyuz 36
Terek

USSR

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  23.07.1980
Launch time:  18:33 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  190 - 272 km
Inclination:  51,58°
Docking Salyut 6:  24.07.1980, 20:02 UTC
Undocking Salyut 6:  11.10.1980, 06:32 UTC
Landing date:  31.07.1980
Landing time:  15:15 UTC
Landing site:  200 km SE of Dzheskasgan

walkout photo

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alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Gorbatko  Viktor Vasiliyevich  Commander 3 7d 20h 42m  124 
2  Pham  Tuân  Research Cosmonaut 1 7d 20h 42m  124 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Gorbatko
2  Pham
Landing
1  Popov
2  Ryumin

Animations: Soyuz

(requires Macromedia Flash Player)
with friendly permission of www.marscenter.it

Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Bykovsky  Valeri Fyodorovich  Commander
2  Bui  Thanh Liem  Research Cosmonaut

alternate crew photo

Flight

Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome; landing with Soyuz 36 capsule 200 km southeast of Dzheskasgan.

Soyuz 37 marked the sixth Interkosmos mission (with Pham Tuân, the first cosmonaut from Vietnam). Following a one day solo flight Soyuz 37 docked with the Salyut 6 space station on July 24, 1980 and common work with the fourth resident crew was done.

Pham Tuân and his crewmate had to perform 30 experiments including photography of the Earth surface, especially observing Vietnam from space. Other experiments were comprehensive test of lungs function, life sciences (including tests of growth of Vietnamese azolla water ferns) and materials processing.

They swapped Soyuz craft with the long-duration crew. The fourth resident crew launched in Soyuz 35 returned to earth in the Soyuz 37 spacecraft at the end of their 186 day mission. The Soyuz 37 crew with Viktor Gorbatko and Pham Tuân landed with Soyuz 36.

Photos / Drawings

Soyuz 37 rollout
 

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Last update on February 15, 2014.