Launch from Jiuquan Satellite Launching
Center; landing near the settlement of Hongger, 60 km north of the city
Wulanha, capital of Siziwang Banner in the Amugulang steppes.
VI marked the second Chinese manned spaceflight. The crew were able to
change out of their new lighter space suits, conduct scientific experiments,
and enter the orbital module for the first time, giving them access to toilet
facilities. The exact activities of the crew were kept secret but were thought
by some to include military reconnaissance, however this is likely untrue given
that similar experiments in the US and USSR determined that humans are not
suited for military reconnaissance
The launch phase was reported to be
normal with the escape rocket separating 120 seconds after launch when the
rocket was travelling 1,300 m/s (4300 ft/s). Sixteen seconds later the four
booster rockets separated at an altitude of 52 km (32 mi). The payload fairing
and first stage detached 200 seconds after launch. The second stage burned for
a further 383 seconds and the spacecraft separated from the rocket 200 km (120
mi) above the Yellow Sea. The spacecraft then used its own propulsion system to
place it into a 211 km by 345 km (131 by 214 statute miles) orbit, with an
inclination of 42.4 degrees, about 21 minutes after launch.
performed several scientific experiments (research of bone cells, digitaly
photographs from Earths surface, studying heart problems and testing the
modifications of the space ship).
The activities of the crew were not
fully revealed by the Chinese. Only vague references to experiments were made,
though some were made public. One experiment involved the crew testing the
reaction of the spacecraft to movement within the orbital and reentry modules.
They moved between the modules, opening and closing the hatches and operating
equipment with "more strength" than normally required.
There were two
planned landing sites for the mission. The primary site was the banner of
Siziwang in Inner Mongolia. The secondary site was at the Jiuquan launch site.
In addition, there were recovery forces at Yinchuan, Yulin and Handan. It is
also possible for the Shenzhou spacecraft to splashdown in the ocean should the
need arise, with further recovery crews in the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea
and the Pacific Ocean.
Some Chinese diplomats are trained and equipped
for any emergency landing at sites that are not on Chinese territory. Zhang
Shuting, chief designer of the emergency and rescue system, has said that
emergency landing sites have been identified in Australia, Southwest Asia,
North Africa, Western Europe, the United States and South America. The
diplomatic mission nearest to the landing site will be given the task to head
any rescue mission if necessary. The Chinese government had advised Australia
that emergency landing sites have been identified in New South Wales,
Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Emergency Management
Australia, the Australian government agency that co-ordinates the response to
major contingencies, has said they are ready to deal with any emergencies that
arise during spaceflights. However, the return module is designed to allow
access from the outside only to those with a special key. A copy of this key
has not been made available to Australian officials, but it was reported that
an unnamed Chinese military attaché at the Chinese embassy in Canberra