Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 243

Shenzhou VI

People's Republic of China

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Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  12.10.2005
Launch time:  01:00 UTC
Launch site:  Jiuquan Satellite Launching Center
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  196 - 337 km
Inclination:  42,42 °
Landing date:  16.10.2005
Landing time:  20:32 UTC
Landing site:  Siziwang Banner

alternate crew photo

Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Fei  Junlong  Commander 1 4d 19h 32m  76 
2  Nie  Haisheng  Operator 1 4d 19h 32m  76 

Crew seating arrangement

Launch
1  Fei
2  Nie
Landing
1  Fei
2  Nie

1st Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Zhai  Zhigang  Commander
2  Wu  Jie  Operator

2nd Double Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Liu  Boming  Commander
2  Jing  Haipeng  Operator

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Flight

Launch from Jiuquan Satellite Launching Center; landing near the settlement of Hongger, 60 km north of the city Wulanha, capital of Siziwang Banner in the Amugulang steppes.

Shenzhou VI marked the second Chinese manned spaceflight. The crew were able to change out of their new lighter space suits, conduct scientific experiments, and enter the orbital module for the first time, giving them access to toilet facilities. The exact activities of the crew were kept secret but were thought by some to include military reconnaissance, however this is likely untrue given that similar experiments in the US and USSR determined that humans are not suited for military reconnaissance

The launch phase was reported to be normal with the escape rocket separating 120 seconds after launch when the rocket was travelling 1,300 m/s (4300 ft/s). Sixteen seconds later the four booster rockets separated at an altitude of 52 km (32 mi). The payload fairing and first stage detached 200 seconds after launch. The second stage burned for a further 383 seconds and the spacecraft separated from the rocket 200 km (120 mi) above the Yellow Sea. The spacecraft then used its own propulsion system to place it into a 211 km by 345 km (131 by 214 statute miles) orbit, with an inclination of 42.4 degrees, about 21 minutes after launch.

The crew performed several scientific experiments (research of bone cells, digitaly photographs from Earths surface, studying heart problems and testing the modifications of the space ship).

The activities of the crew were not fully revealed by the Chinese. Only vague references to experiments were made, though some were made public. One experiment involved the crew testing the reaction of the spacecraft to movement within the orbital and reentry modules. They moved between the modules, opening and closing the hatches and operating equipment with "more strength" than normally required.

There were two planned landing sites for the mission. The primary site was the banner of Siziwang in Inner Mongolia. The secondary site was at the Jiuquan launch site. In addition, there were recovery forces at Yinchuan, Yulin and Handan. It is also possible for the Shenzhou spacecraft to splashdown in the ocean should the need arise, with further recovery crews in the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

Some Chinese diplomats are trained and equipped for any emergency landing at sites that are not on Chinese territory. Zhang Shuting, chief designer of the emergency and rescue system, has said that emergency landing sites have been identified in Australia, Southwest Asia, North Africa, Western Europe, the United States and South America. The diplomatic mission nearest to the landing site will be given the task to head any rescue mission if necessary. The Chinese government had advised Australia that emergency landing sites have been identified in New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Emergency Management Australia, the Australian government agency that co-ordinates the response to major contingencies, has said they are ready to deal with any emergencies that arise during spaceflights. However, the return module is designed to allow access from the outside only to those with a special key. A copy of this key has not been made available to Australian officials, but it was reported that an unnamed Chinese military attaché at the Chinese embassy in Canberra had one.

Photos


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Last update on July 17, 2013.