Resident Crews of the International Space Station (ISS)

ISS: Expedition 66

(possible crew, yet no confirmation)

ISS Project Patch

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Patch ISS-66 Crew ISS-66

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Prichal patch

Crew, launch- and landing data

No. Nation Surname Given names Position Spacecraft
(launch)
Launch
date
Launch
time
Spacecraft
(landing)
Landing
date
Landing
time
Mission
duration
Orbits
1 France  Pesquet  Thomas Gautier  ISS-CDR  SpaceX Crew-2  23.04.2021  09:49:02.397 UTC  SpaceX Crew-2  09 11.2021  03:33:15 UTC 199d 17h 44m 13s   3194 
2  Kimbrough  Robert Shane  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-2  23.04.2021  09:49:02.397 UTC  SpaceX Crew-2  09 11.2021  03:33:15 UTC 199d 17h 44m 13s   3194 
3  McArthur  Katherine Megan  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-2  23.04.2021  09:49:02.397 UTC  SpaceX Crew-2  09 11.2021  03:33:15 UTC 199d 17h 44m 13s   3194 
4 Japan  Hoshide  Akihiko  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-2  23.04.2021  09:49:02.397 UTC  SpaceX Crew-2  09 11.2021  03:33:15 UTC 199d 17h 44m 13s   3194 
5  Dubrov  Pyotr Valerievich  Flight Engineer  Soyuz MS-18  09.04.2021  07:42:40.496 UTC  (Soyuz MS-19)  (28.03.2022)  UTC

 
6  Vande Hei  Mark Thomas  Flight Engineer  Soyuz MS-18  09.04.2021  07:42:40.496 UTC  (Soyuz MS-19)  (28.03.2022)  UTC

 
7  Shkaplerov  Anton Nikolayevich  ISS-CDR *  Soyuz MS-19  05.10.2021  08:55:02.442 UTC  (Soyuz MS-19)  (28.03.2022)  UTC

 
8  Chari  Raja Jon Vurputoor "Grinder"  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-3  11.11.2021  02:03:30 UTC  (SpaceX Crew-3)    UTC

 
9  Marshburn  Thomas Henry "Tom"  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-3  11.11.2021  02:03:30 UTC  (SpaceX Crew-3)    UTC

 
10 Germany  Maurer  Matthias Josef  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-3  11.11.2021  02:03:30 UTC  (SpaceX Crew-3)    UTC

 
11  Barron  Kayla Sax  Flight Engineer  SpaceX Crew-3  11.11.2021  02:03:30 UTC  (SpaceX Crew-3)    UTC

 
12  Artemyev  Oleg Germanovich  Flight Engineer  (Soyuz MS-21)  (18.03.2022)  UTC  (Soyuz MS-21)    UTC    
13  Matveyev  Denis Vladimirovich  Flight Engineer  (Soyuz MS-21)  (18.03.2022)  UTC  (Soyuz MS-21)    UTC    
14  Korsakov  Sergei Vladimirovich  Flight Engineer  (Soyuz MS-21)  (18.03.2022)  UTC  (Soyuz MS-21)    UTC    

* since November 06, 2021 Anton Shkaplerov replaced Thomas Pesquet as ISS-CDR

Where is the ISS now?

Expedition Report

ISS Expedition 66 began with the undocking of Russian spacecraft Soyuz MS-18 on October 17, 2021 at 01:14 UTC.
The landing crew consisted of Oleg Novitsky, Klim Shipenko and Yulia Peresild. Three-and-a-half-hours later the crew landed safely in Kazakhstan. So, the new Expedition 66 consisted of ISS Commander Thomas Pesquet, Pyotr Dubrov, Mark Vande Hei, Anton Shkaplerov, Shane Kimbrough, Megan McArthur and Akihiko Hoshide.

The Progress MS-17 spacecraft undocked from the space station at 23:42:27 UTC on October 20, 2021. After undocking from the station's Poisk module, Progress MS-17 backed out to a distance of 120 miles (193 kilometers) from the space station for a period of just over 24 hours to allow for station keeping. The spacecraft then made an automated docking at 04:21:07 UTC on October 22, 2021 to the Nauka Multipurpose Laboratory Module.
The maneuver will position Progress MS-17 to conduct leak checks of the Nauka module's propellant lines before they are used with the new module's thrusters for orientation control of the station. Progress MS-17 arrived at the station in July 2021 and will depart in late November 2021. The new Progress MS-18 cargo craft will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 00:00:32 UTC on October 28, 2021. Loaded with almost three tons of food, fuel, and supplies for the station crew, the resupply ship docked to the aft port of the Zvezda service module at 01:31:19 UTC on October 30, 2021.

The launch of the unpiloted Russian Progress MS-18 occurred on October 28, 2021 at 00:00:32.525 UTC from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The freighter delivers almost two-and-half tons material. It transports space experimentation, medical inspection and hygiene and hygiene items, clothing, standard food rations and good food for the crew members of this expedition.
The Progress MS-18 spacecraft docked to the Zvezda module at the Russian segment on October 30, 2021 at 01:31:19 UTC. Progress MS-18 will remain docked at the station for five months before departing in May 2022 for its deorbit into Earth's atmosphere.

The European astronaut Thomas Pesquet passed on command of the International Space Station to the Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov on November 06, 2021.

On November 08, 2021 at 19:05 UTC, SpaceX Crew-2 Endeavour undocked from the International Space Station with astronauts Shane Kimbrough, Megan McArthur, Akihiko Hoshide and Thomas Pesquet on board and splashed down at 03:33 UTC on November 09, 2021 off the coast of Florida.

On November 10, 2021 an ISS reboost was performed using Progress MS-18 thrusters. This reboost was to set to avoid a piece of space junk. The engines started at 20:15 UTC and fired 360 seconds. After the corrective maneuver, the average orbit of the ISS increased by 1,200 meters. The actual parameters are 417.94 km x 438.39 km. The ISS needs 92.927 minutes for each orbit.

The SpaceX Crew-3 mission launched on November 11, 2021 from Launch Complex 39-A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This is the third crew rotation flight of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket following certification by NASA for regular flights to the space station as part of the agency's Commercial Crew Program.
The SpaceX Crew-3 Endurance carried Crew Dragon Commander Raja Chari, Pilot Thomas Marshburn, Mission Specialist Matthias Maurer from European Space Agency (ESA) and Mission Specialist Kayla Barron to the space station for a six-month science mission.
The Crew Dragon docked to the International Space Station on November 11, 2021.

Northrop Grumman's uncrewed Cygnus NG-16 spacecraft departed the International Space Station on November 20, 2021, after delivering nearly 8,000 pounds (3,630 kg) of supplies, scientific investigations, commercial products, hardware, and other cargo to the orbital laboratory. Northrop Grumman named the spacecraft after the late NASA astronaut Ellison Onizuka.
Flight controllers on the ground sent commands for the space station's Canadarm2 robotic arm to detach Cygnus from the Unity module's Earth-facing port. The arm then maneuvered the spacecraft into position and released it at 16:01:30 UTC. Matthias Maurer monitored Cygnus' systems upon its departure from the space station.
After departure, the Kentucky Re-Entry Probe Experiment (KREPE) stowed inside Cygnus will take measurements to demonstrate a thermal protection system for spacecraft and their contents during re-entry in Earth's atmosphere, which can be difficult to replicate in ground simulations.
Cygnus then performed a deorbit engine firing to set up a destructive re-entry in which the spacecraft, filled with waste the space station crew packed, burned up in Earth's atmosphere.

The five-ton Prichal docking module and its modified, uncrewed Russian Progress (Progress M-UM) delivery spacecraft launched atop a Soyuz 2.1b booster from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan 13:06:36 UTC on November 24, 2021.
After separating from the Soyuz rocket's upper stage, Progress transported Prichal for an automated docking with the space station's Nauka multipurpose laboratory module two days later, at 15:19:39 UTC on November 26, 2021.
Prichal, named for the Russian word for port or berth, has five available docking ports to accommodate multiple Russian spacecraft and provide fuel transfer capability to the Nauka module. The docking compartment has an internal volume of 14 cubic meters.
To make room for Prichal, the recently relocated, uncrewed Progress MS-17 cargo craft undocked from Nauka at 11:22:30 UTC on November 25, 2021 and followed a path to burn up upon reentry in the Earth's atmosphere.
The modified Progress transport spacecraft that guided Prichal to the station will detach from Prichal in late December 2021 and burn up during reentry over the Pacific Ocean.


Among the US experiments are:

Fiber Optic Production-2: Fiber Optic Production-2 (FOP-2) builds on previous work to manufacture commercial optical fibers in microgravity using a blend of elements called ZBLAN. Earlier theoretical and experimental studies suggest that ZBLAN optical fibers produced in microgravity exhibit qualities superior to those of fibers produced on Earth. Results from FOP-2 could help further verify these studies and guide manufacture of high value optical fiber aboard the space station for commercial use.

Advanced Hydrogen Sensor Technology Demonstration: The Advanced Hydrogen Sensor Technology Demonstration (OGA H2 Sensor Demo) tests new sensors for the International Space Station's Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA). The OGA produces breathable oxygen via electrolysis and has sensors for detecting hydrogen to protect it from failures. These current sensors, which are used to ensure that no hydrogen enters the oxygen product stream into the cabin, have sensitivity to humidity and drift over time, however, which limits their operational life. New sensors will be tested downstream of the existing OGA system in order to determine their stability over time; if these sensors prove to be superior to the current ones they may be integrated into the Advanced OGA which is geared for exploration missions.

Host Pathogen: The Host Pathogen investigation focuses on better understanding the relationship between increased microbial virulence and reductions in immune cell function during microgravity/spaceflight conditions. In spaceflight analogue conditions, bacteria and immune cells from healthy, ground-based test subjects are cultured to observe immune cell response, while for spaceflight, ten crew members provide blood and saliva samples to assess their primary immune cells for alterations in host response. The results from this study are expected to aid in development of health countermeasures and improve the infectious disease risk assessment for astronauts.

ESA Biofilms-II: The goal of the Biofilm Inhibition On Flight Equipment and On Board the ISS Using Microbiologically Lethal Metal Surfaces (ESA-Biofilms) investigation is to compare how biofilms are formed in low gravity, in a liquid environment on inhibiting and non-inhibiting metal surfaces, for the purposes of spacecraft sanitation and crew health. Various species of bacteria exposed to microgravity, simulated Martian gravity and Earth gravity are tested not only on different metallic surfaces (copper, stainless steel and brass), but also on an array of different laser-etched surface treatments to ascertain whether or not topological differences influence biofilm formation in space.

Photos

Aurora SpaceX Crew-2 with spacesuits
Expedition 66 SpaceX Crew-2 flyaround
SpaceX Crew-2 flyaround SpaceX Crew-2 flyaround
Kayla Barron reopens the Columbus hatch Matthias Maurer onboard ISS
Raja Chari onboard ISS Canadarm2 with Dextre
Progress M-UM with Prichal Prichal
Prichal arrival

more Earth observation photos

more onboard photos


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Last update on November 27, 2021.

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